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1.  Parasites on parasites: hyper-, epi-, and autoparasitism among flowering plants.LinkIT
Krasylenko Y, T??itel J, Ceccantini G, Oliveira-da-Silva M, Dvo?ák V, Steele D, Sosnovsky Y, Piwowarczyk R, Watson DM, Teixeira-Costa L
American journal of botany Am J Bot Parasites on parasites: hyper-, epi-, and autoparasitism among flowering plants. 10.1002/ajb2.1590 All organisms engage in parasitic relations, as either parasites or hosts. Some species may even play both roles simultaneously. Among flowering plants, the most widespread form of parasitism is characterized by the development of an intrusive organ called the haustorium, which absorbs water and nutrients from the host. Despite this functionally unifying feature of parasitic plants, haustoria are not homologous structures; they have evolved 12 times independently. These plants represent ca. 1% of all extant flowering species and show a wide diversity of life histories. A great variety of plants may also serve as hosts, including other parasitic plants. This phenomenon of parasitic exploitation of another parasite, broadly known as hyper- or epiparasitism, is well described among bacteria, fungi, and animals, but remains poorly understood among plants. Here, we review empirical evidence of plant hyperparasitism, including variations of self-parasitism, discuss the diversity and ecological importance of these interactions, and suggest possible evolutionary mechanisms. Hyperparasitism may provide benefits in terms of improved nutrition and enhanced host-parasite compatibility if partners are related. Different forms of self-parasitism may facilitate nutrient sharing among and within parasitic plant individuals, while also offering potential for the evolution of hyperparasitism. Cases of hyperparasitic interactions between parasitic plants may affect the ecology of individual species and modulate their ecosystem impacts. Parasitic plant phenology and disperser feeding behavior are considered to play a major role in the occurrence of hyperparasitism, especially among mistletoes. There is also potential for hyperparasites to act as biological control agents of invasive primary parasitic host species. © 2021 Botanical Society of America. Krasylenko Yuliya Y https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7349-2999 Department of Cell Biology, Centre of the Region Haná for Biotechnological and Agricultural Research, Faculty of Science, Palacký University Olomouc, ?lechtitel?, 27, 78371, Olomouc, Czech Republic. T??itel Jakub J https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3793-3704 Department of Botany and Zoology, Faculty of Science, Masaryk University, Kotlá?ská 2, 611 37, Brno, Czech Republic. Ceccantini Gregorio G https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7952-4485 Institute of Biosciences, University of São Paulo, Rua do Matão, 277, São Paulo, SP, 05508-090, Brazil. Oliveira-da-Silva Mariana M Institute of Biosciences, University of São Paulo, Rua do Matão, 277, São Paulo, SP, 05508-090, Brazil. Dvo?ák Václav V https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8823-7931 Botanical Garden, Faculty of Science, Palacký University, 17. listopadu 1192/12, Olomouc, Czech Republic. Steele Daniel D https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3335-197X Department of Plant Sciences, UC Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA, 95616. Sosnovsky Yevhen Y https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0391-3502 Botanical Garden, Ivan Franko National University of Lviv, 44 Cheremshyna Str., 79014, Lviv, Ukraine. Piwowarczyk Renata R https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0507-7835 Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Institute of Biology, Jan Kochanowski University, Uniwersytecka 7, 25-406, Kielce, Poland. Watson David M DM https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1821-4632 Institute for Land, Water and Society, Charles Sturt University, PO Box 789, Albury, 2640, Australia. Teixeira-Costa Luiza L https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1405-8567 Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA, 02138, USA. eng Journal Article 2021 01 05 United States Am J Bot 0370467 0002-9122 IM Cassytha Cuscuta Orobanchaceae Santalales double parasitism haustorium mistletoes self-parasitism 2020 06 08 2020 10 08 2021 1 6 5 57 2021 1 7 6 0 2021 1 7 6 0 aheadofprint 33403666 10.1002/ajb2.1590 LITERATURE CITED, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>2.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>The First Report of <i>Orobanche laxissima</i> Parasitizing Pomegranate (<i>Punica granatum</i>) in Georgia.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Piwowarczyk R, Rura? K, Góralski G, Kwolek D, Denysenko-Bennett M, Staszecka-Moskal N<br><font color=gray><i>Plant disease, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>3.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Antidiabetic and hepatoprotective potential of whole plant extract and isolated compounds of Aeginetia indica.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Reza MS, Shuvo MSR, Hassan MM, Basher MA, Islam MA, Naznin NE, Jafrin S, Ahmed KS, Hossain H, Daula AFMSU<br><font color=gray><i>Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>4.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>The Effect of Virulence and Resistance Mechanisms on the Interactions between Parasitic Plants and Their Hosts.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Hu L, Wang J, Yang C, Islam F, Bouwmeester HJ, Muños S, Zhou W<br><font color=gray><i>International journal of molecular sciences, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>5.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>The effect of nojirimycin on the transcriptome of germinating <i>Orobanche minor</i> seeds.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Okazawa A, Wakabayashi T, Muranaka T, Sugimoto Y, Ohta D<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of pesticide science, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>6.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Orobanchaceae parasite-host interactions.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Mutuku JM, Cui S, Yoshida S, Shirasu K<br><font color=gray><i>The New phytologist New Phytol Orobanchaceae parasite-host interactions. 10.1111/nph.17083 Parasitic plants in the family Orobanchaceae, such as Striga, Orobanche and Phelipanche, often cause significant damage to agricultural crops. The Orobanchaceae family comprises more than 2000 species in about 100 genera, providing an excellent system for studying the molecular basis of parasitism and its evolution. Notably, the establishment of model Orobanchaceae parasites, such as Triphysaria versicolor and Phtheirospermum japonicum, that can infect the model host Arabidopsis, has greatly facilitated transgenic analyses of genes important for parasitism. In addition, recent genomic and transcriptomic analyses of several Orobanchaceae parasites have revealed fascinating molecular insights into the evolution of parasitism and strategies for adaptation in this family. This review highlights recent progress in understanding how Orobanchaceae parasites attack their hosts and how the hosts mount a defense against the threats. © 2020 The Authors. New Phytologist © 2020 New Phytologist Foundation. Mutuku J Musembi JM https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3985-368X The Central and West African Virus Epidemiology (WAVE). Pôle Scientifique et d'Innovation de Bingerville, Université Félix Houphouët-Boigny, BP V34, Abidjan, 01, Côte d'Ivoire. Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 3EA, UK. Cui Songkui S https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7777-6681 Institute for Research Initiatives, Division for Research Strategy, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Ikoma, Nara, 630-0192, Japan. Division of Biological Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Ikoma, Nara, 630-0192, Japan. RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 230-0045, Japan. Yoshida Satoko S https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9999-7861 Institute for Research Initiatives, Division for Research Strategy, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Ikoma, Nara, 630-0192, Japan. Division of Biological Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Ikoma, Nara, 630-0192, Japan. RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 230-0045, Japan. Shirasu Ken K https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0349-3870 RIKEN Center for Sustainable Resource Science, 1-7-22 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 230-0045, Japan. eng BB/P023223/1 BB_ Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council United Kingdom 12F02781 Japan Society for the Promotion of Science 15H05959 Japan Society for the Promotion of Science 17H06172 Japan Society for the Promotion of Science 17K15142 Japan Society for the Promotion of Science 19K16169 Japan Society for the Promotion of Science 25114521 Japan Society for the Promotion of Science 25128716 Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Journal Article Review 2020 11 17 England New Phytol 9882884 0028-646X IM Orobanche Striga haustorium horizontal gene transfer intrusive cell parasitism plant hormone 2020 07 21 2020 10 12 2020 11 18 6 0 2020 11 18 6 0 2020 11 17 17 13 aheadofprint 33202061 10.1111/nph.17083 References, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>7.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>In vivo anti-inflammatory and hepatoprotective activities of <i>Orobanche crenata</i> (Forssk.) aerial parts in relation to its phytomolecules.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Abo-Qotb SMS, Hassanein AMM, Desoukey SY, Wanas AS, Tawfik HM, Orabi MAA<br><font color=gray><i>Natural product research, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>8.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>[Study on nasal absorption of Cistanche deserticola phenylethanol glycosides nanoemulsion in vivo].</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Jun-Ping HU, Dan-Dan C, Bo-Wei JU, Jian-Hua Y<br><font color=gray><i>Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>9.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Maintenance of Species Differences in Closely Related Tetraploid Parasitic <i>Euphrasia</i> (Orobanchaceae) on an Isolated Island.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Becher H, Brown MR, Powell G, Metherell C, Riddiford NJ, Twyford AD<br><font color=gray><i>Plant communications, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>10.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title><i>De novo</i> assembling a complete mitochondrial genome of <i>Pedicularis rex</i> (Orobanchaceae) using GetOrganelle toolkit.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Li X, Lin CY, Yang JB, Yu WB<br><font color=gray><i>Mitochondrial DNA. Part B, Resources, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br><br><br><table cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center><tr valign=bottom><td align=center><img src=p.png border=0></td><td align=center><img src=o_red.png border=0></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=owl%27s-clover&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=owl%27s-clover&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=owl%27s-clover&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=owl%27s-clover&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=owl%27s-clover&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=owl%27s-clover&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=7><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=owl%27s-clover&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=8><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=owl%27s-clover&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=9><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=owl%27s-clover&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=10><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=owl%27s-clover&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=rtal.png border=0></a></td></tr><td align=center></td><td align=center>1</td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=owl%27s-clover&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2>2</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=owl%27s-clover&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3>3</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=owl%27s-clover&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4>4</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=owl%27s-clover&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5>5</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=owl%27s-clover&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6>6</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=owl%27s-clover&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=7>7</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=owl%27s-clover&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=8>8</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=owl%27s-clover&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=9>9</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=owl%27s-clover&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=10>10</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=owl%27s-clover&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2>»</a></td></tr></table></table></tr></table></td><script src="http://www.google-analytics.com/urchin.js" type="text/javascript"> </script> <script type="text/javascript"> _uacct = "UA-634822-1"; urchinTracker(); </script> </BODY> </HTML>