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Scientific:
   Lepidosauria (lepidosaurs) 

Synonyms:
   Lepidosauria 
   Reptilia (reptiles) 
   lizards 
   reptiles 

Broader Terms:
   Amniota 
   Chordata (Chordate) 
   Sauria (lizards) 
   Sauropsida 
   Vertebrata (vertebrates) 

More Specific:
   Agama (Agamas) 
   Amphisbaenia (Worm Lizards) 
   Anapsida 
   Bitis nasicornis (Rhinoceros Viper) 
   Caenophidia 
   Chelonia (green sea turtles) 
   Crocodilia (gavials) 
   Crocodylia 
   Dendroaspis jamesoni (Jameson's Mamba) 
   Diapsida (Diapsid) 
   Kinixys belliana (Bell's Hingeback Tortoise) 
   Lygodactylus picturatus (Painted Dwarf Gecko) 
   Mabuia 
   Mabuya perrotetii (Teita Mabuya) 
   Mabuya raddoni 
   Rhynchocephalia (tuataras) 
   Sauria (lizards) 
   Serpentes (snakes) 
   Sphenodontia 
   Squamata (lizards) 
   Testudines (tortoises) 
   Typhlops (Blind Snakes) 
   Unassigned 
   Varanus niloticus (Nile Monitor) 
 
 


Serpentes
Luká? Konečný - BioLib

External Resources:



1.  Armored with skin and bone: A combined histological and ?CT-study of the exceptional integument of the Antsingy leaf chameleon Brookesia perarmata (Angel, 1933).LinkIT
Schucht PJ, RĂĽhr PT, Geier B, Glaw F, Lambertz M
Journal of morphology J. Morphol. Armored with skin and bone: A combined histological and ?CT-study of the exceptional integument of the Antsingy leaf chameleon Brookesia perarmata (Angel, 1933). 10.1002/jmor.21135 Madagascar's endemic ground-dwelling leaf chameleons (Brookesiinae: Brookesia Gray, 1865 + Palleon Glaw, et al., Salamandra, 2013, 49, pp. 237-238) form the sister taxon to all other chameleons (i.e., the Chamaeleoninae). They possess a limited ability of color change, a rather dull coloration, and a nonprehensile tail assisting locomotion in the leaf litter on the forest floor. Most Brookesia species can readily be recognized by peculiar spiky dorsolateral projections ("RĂĽckensäge"), which are caused by an aberrant vertebral structure and might function as body armor to prevent predation. In addition to a pronounced RĂĽckensäge, the Antsingy leaf chameleon Brookesia perarmata (Angel, 1933) exhibits conspicuous, acuminate tubercle scales on the lateral flanks and extremities, thereby considerably enhancing the overall armored appearance. Such structures are exceptional within the Chamaeleonidae and despite an appreciable interest in the integument of chameleons in general, the morphology of these integumentary elements remains shrouded in mystery. Using various conventional and petrographic histological approaches combined with ?CT-imaging, we reveal that the tubercle scales consist of osseous, multicusped cores that are embedded within the dermis. Based on this, they consequently can be interpreted as osteoderms, which to the best of our knowledge is the first record of such for the entire Chamaeleonidae and only the second one for the entire clade Iguania. The combination of certain aspects of tissue composition (especially the presence of large, interconnected, and marrow-filled cavities) together with the precise location within the dermis (being completely enveloped by the stratum superficiale), however, discriminate the osteoderms of B. perarmata from those known for all other lepidosaurs. © 2020 The Authors. Journal of Morphology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Schucht Pia J PJ https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8853-3092 Institut fĂĽr Zoologie, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, Poppelsdorfer Schloss, Bonn, Germany. RĂĽhr Peter T PT https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2776-6172 AG Morphologische Dynamiken, Institut fĂĽr Zoologie, Biozentrum, Universität zu Köln, Köln, Germany. Zentrum fĂĽr Molekulare Biodiversitätsforschung, Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig, Bonn, Germany. Geier Benedikt B https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2942-2624 Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Bremen, Germany. Glaw Frank F Sektion Herpetologie, Zoologische Staatssammlung MĂĽnchen (ZSM-SNSB), Munich, Germany. Lambertz Markus M https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8348-9347 Institut fĂĽr Zoologie, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, Poppelsdorfer Schloss, Bonn, Germany. Sektion Herpetologie, Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig, Bonn, Germany. eng Journal Article 2020 05 19 United States J Morphol 0406125 0022-2887 IM 3D morphology Brookesiinae Chamaeleonidae histology integument osteoderm 2020 03 19 2020 04 12 2020 04 17 2020 5 20 6 0 2020 5 20 6 0 2020 5 20 6 0 aheadofprint 32427377 10.1002/jmor.21135 REFERENCES, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>2.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>The internal cranial anatomy of Champsosaurus (Choristodera: Champsosauridae): Implications for neurosensory function.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Dudgeon TW, Maddin HC, Evans DC, Mallon JC<br><font color=gray><i>Scientific reports, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>3.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Convergent Evolution of Cysteine-Rich Keratins in Hard Skin Appendages of Terrestrial Vertebrates.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Ehrlich F, Lachner J, Hermann M, Tschachler E, Eckhart L<br><font color=gray><i>Molecular biology and evolution, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>4.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Lepidosaur Ăź-keratin chains with four 34-residue repeats: Modelling reveals a potential filament-crosslinking role.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Fraser RDB, Parry DAD<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of structural biology, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>5.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>The roles of joint tissues and jaw muscles in palatal biomechanics of the savannah monitor (<i>Varanus exanthematicus</i>) and their significance for cranial kinesis.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Wilken AT, Middleton KM, Sellers KC, Cost IN, Holliday CM<br><font color=gray><i>The Journal of experimental biology, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>6.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>A New Clevosaurid from the Triassic (Carnian) of Brazil and the Rise of Sphenodontians in Gondwana.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Hsiou AS, Nydam RL, Simões TR, Pretto FA, Onary S, Martinelli AG, Liparini A, MartĂ­nez PRRV, Soares MB, Schultz CL, Caldwell MW<br><font color=gray><i>Scientific reports, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>7.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Body coloration and mechanisms of colour production in Archelosauria: the case of deirocheline turtles.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Brejcha J, Bataller JV, Bosáková Z, Geryk J, HavlĂ­ková M, Kleisner K, Mar?Ă­k P, Font E<br><font color=gray><i>Royal Society open science, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>8.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Molecular structure of sauropsid ?-keratins from tuatara (Sphenodon punctatus).</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Parry DAD, Fraser RDB, Alibardi L, Rutherford KM, Gemmell N<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of structural biology, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>9.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Dental microwear texture reflects dietary tendencies in extant Lepidosauria despite their limited use of oral food processing.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Winkler DE, Schulz-Kornas E, Kaiser TM, TĂĽtken T<br><font color=gray><i>Proceedings. Biological sciences, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>10.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Ultrastructural evidence of a mechanosensory function of scale organs (sensilla) in sea snakes (Hydrophiinae).</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Crowe-Riddell JM, Williams R, Chapuis L, Sanders KL<br><font color=gray><i>Royal Society open science, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br><br><br><table cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center><tr valign=bottom><td align=center><img src=p.png border=0></td><td align=center><img src=o_red.png border=0></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=lepidosaurs&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=lepidosaurs&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=lepidosaurs&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=lepidosaurs&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=lepidosaurs&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=lepidosaurs&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=7><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=lepidosaurs&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=8><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=lepidosaurs&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=rtal.png border=0></a></td></tr><td align=center></td><td align=center>1</td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=lepidosaurs&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2>2</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=lepidosaurs&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3>3</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=lepidosaurs&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4>4</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=lepidosaurs&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5>5</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=lepidosaurs&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6>6</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=lepidosaurs&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=7>7</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=lepidosaurs&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=8>8</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=lepidosaurs&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2>»</a></td></tr></table></table></tr></table></td><script src="http://www.google-analytics.com/urchin.js" type="text/javascript"> </script> <script type="text/javascript"> _uacct = "UA-634822-1"; urchinTracker(); </script> </BODY> </HTML>