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Scientific:
   Hemiptera (hemipterans) 

Synonyms:
   Hemiptera (Bugs) 

Broader Terms:
   Insecta (Insect) 
   Neoptera (modern, wing-folding insects) 
   Paraneoptera 

More Specific:
   Acanaloniidae (Acanaloniid Planthoppers) 
   Acanthosomatidae (shield bugs) 
   Achilidae (achilid planthoppers) 
   Achilixiidae 
   Aclerdidae (aclerdid scales) 
   Adelgidae (pine aphids) 
   Adelgoidea 
   Aepophilidae 
   Aetalionidae (Aetalionid Treehoppers) 
   Aleyrodidae (whiteflies) 
   Aleyrodoidea 
   Alydidae (broad-headed bugs) 
   Anoeciidae 
   Anthocoridae (minute pirate bugs) 
   Aphelocheiridae 
   Aphididae (plantlice) 
   Aphidoidea 
   Aphrophoridae 
   Aradidae (flat bugs) 
   Aradoidea 
   Auchenorhyncha 
   Auchenorrhyncha (hoppers) 
   Beesoniidae 
   Belostomatidae (giant water bugs) 
   Berytidae (stilt bugs) 
   Calophyidae 
   Carayonemidae 
   Carsidaridae 
   Ceratocombidae 
   Cercopidae (spittle bugs) 
   Cercopoidea 
   Cerococcidae 
   Chaitophoridae 
   Cicadellidae (leafhoppers) 
   Cicadelloidea 
   Cicadidae (cicadas) 
   Cimicidae (bat bugs) 
   Cimicoidea 
   Cixiidae (cixid planthoppers) 
   Clastopteridae 
   Coccidae (wax scales) 
   Coleorrhyncha 
   Coleoscytidae 
   Colobathristidae 
   Conchaspididae (false armoured scales) 
   Coreidae (leaf-footed bugs) 
   Coreoidea 
   Corixidae (water boatman) 
   Corixoidea 
   Cydnidae (Burrowing Bugs) 
   Dactylopiidae (cochineal scales) 
   Delphacidae (delphaeid planthoppers) 
   Derbidae (derbid planthoppers) 
   Diaspididae (Armored Scale Insects) 
   Dictyopharidae (dictypharid planthoppers) 
   Dinidoridae 
   Dipsocoridae (dipsocorids) 
   Dipsocoroidea 
   Drepanosiphidae 
   Enicocephalidae (Unique-headed Bugs) 
   Enicocephaloidea 
   Eriococcidae (eriococcid scales) 
   Euhemiptera 
   Eurybrachidae 
   Flatidae (flatid planthoppers) 
   Fulgoridae (fulgorid planthoppers) 
   Fulgoroidea (planthoppers) 
   Gelastocoridae (toad bugs) 
   Gelastocoroidea 
   Gengidae 
   Gerridae (water striders) 
   Gerroidea 
   Greenideidae 
   Halimococcidae 
   Hebridae (velvet water bugs) 
... 
 


Aphidoidea
Michal Ma騛s - BioLib

External Resources:



1.  Sensory armature and stylets of the mouthparts of Stephanitis nashi (Hemiptera: Cimicomorpha: Tingidae), their morphology and function.LinkIT
Wang Y, Bro?ek J, Dai W
Micron (Oxford, England : 1993), 2020
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

2.  The impact of ant mutualistic and antagonistic interactions on the population dynamics of sap-sucking hemipterans in pear orchards.LinkIT
Sanchez JA, L贸pez-Gallego E, La-Spina M
Pest management science Pest Manag. Sci. The impact of ant mutualistic and antagonistic interactions on the population dynamics of sap-sucking hemipterans in pear orchards. 1422-1434 10.1002/ps.5655 Ants are known to establish antagonistic and mutualistic interactions with honeydew-producing hemipterans, depending on the species involved and the ecological context. The aim of this work was to infer the role that such interactions play in the population dynamics of psyllids and aphids in pear orchards. Interactions were inferred from field data and periodical sampling along a 4-year study, and from interaction assays performed under controlled conditions. A decline in the abundance of the pear psyllid (Cacopsylla pyri L.), parallel to an increase in the abundance of aphids, was registered over 4?years. Ants were the dominant species, representing about 90% of the predators, followed by spiders and predatory hemipterans (namely Pilophorus gallicus Remane). Ant abundance increased over the 4 years, matching the population dynamics of aphids. Evidence of mutualistic and antagonistic interactions were found for ant-aphid and ant-psyllid, respectively: (i) ant-aphid abundances on pear trees were positively correlated, and ants reduced predation on aphids by generalist predators, and (ii) ant-psyllid abundances were negatively correlated, ants have a negative effect on the psyllid population growth rates, and ants were found to prey on the psyllid. Because of their high abundance in comparison with other predators and the mutualistic-antagonistic relationships with aphids-psyllids, ants are considered to be the principal force behind the decline of pear psyllid populations and the increase in aphid numbers. In summary, ants contribute positively to biological control by the suppresion of pests (i.e. the psyllid) which are more damaging than those they protect (i.e. aphids). 漏 2019 Society of Chemical Industry. 漏 2019 Society of Chemical Industry. Sanchez Juan A JA https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0864-4006 Biological Control and Ecosystem Services Laboratory, Instituto Murciano de Investigaci贸n y Desarrollo Agrario y Alimentario (IMIDA), Murcia, Spain. L贸pez-Gallego Elena E Biological Control and Ecosystem Services Laboratory, Instituto Murciano de Investigaci贸n y Desarrollo Agrario y Alimentario (IMIDA), Murcia, Spain. La-Spina Michelangelo M Biological Control and Ecosystem Services Laboratory, Instituto Murciano de Investigaci贸n y Desarrollo Agrario y Alimentario (IMIDA), Murcia, Spain. eng Consejer铆a de Educaci贸n y Cultura, Regi贸n de Murcia FEDER and European Social Fund RTA2010-00061-00-00 Instituto Nacional de Investigaci贸n y Tecnolog铆a Agraria y Alimentaria RYC-2007-01219 Ministerio de Econom铆a y Competitividad Journal Article 2019 11 25 England Pest Manag Sci 100898744 1526-498X IM Animals Ants Aphids Population Dynamics Pyrus Symbiosis ants aphids biological control competition mutualistic-antagonistic interactions psyllids 2019 06 12 2019 10 16 2019 10 16 2019 10 20 6 0 2020 3 21 6 0 2019 10 20 6 0 ppublish 31628776 10.1002/ps.5655 REFERENCES, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>3.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Waveforms From Stylet Probing of the Mosquito Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) Measured by AC-DC Electropenetrography.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Wayadande AC, Backus EA, Noden BH, Ebert T<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of medical entomology, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>4.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Phloem Metabolites of Prunus Sp. Rather than Infection with Candidatus Phytoplasma Prunorum Influence Feeding Behavior of Cacopsylla pruni Nymphs.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Gallinger J, Gross J<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of chemical ecology, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>5.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Common St. John's Wort (Malpighiales: Hypericaceae): An Invasive Plant in Maine Wild Blueberry Production and Its Potential for Indirectly Supporting Ecosystem Services.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Drummond FA<br><font color=gray><i>Environmental entomology, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>6.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Patch Size as a Niche Dimension: Aquatic Insects Behaviorally Partition Enemy-Free Space across Gradients of Patch Size.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Resetarits WJ, Pintar MR, Bohenek JR, Breech TM<br><font color=gray><i>The American naturalist, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>7.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Selection of Reference Genes for RT-qPCR Analysis Under Intrinsic Conditions in the Hawthorn Spider Mite, <i>Amphitetranychus viennensis</i> (Acarina: Tetranychidae).</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Yang J, Gao Y, Liu Z, Lu J, Zhang Y, Zhang P, Fan J, Zhou X, Fan R<br><font color=gray><i>Frontiers in physiology, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>8.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Plants trap pollen to feed predatory arthropods as an indirect resistance against herbivory.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Van Wyk JI, Krimmel BA, Crova L, Pearse IS<br><font color=gray><i>Ecology Ecology Plants trap pollen to feed predatory arthropods as an indirect resistance against herbivory. e02867 10.1002/ecy.2867 Plants commonly employ indirect resistance to reduce herbivory by provisioning predatory arthropod populations with additional resources. Numerous predatory arthropods consume pollen that is entrapped on dense, wooly trichomes of plants. Over two seasons, we supplemented pollen on the wooly leaves of turkey mullein, Croton setiger, in natural populations to determine if pollen entrapped on leaves supplements predatory arthropods and reduces herbivore populations and damage to the plant. Pollen supplementation increased the abundance of predatory spiders in both years and omnivorous Orius bugs in 1聽yr but had no effect on predatory hemipterans. Pollen supplementation reduced the abundance of herbivorous fleahoppers. Pollen supplementation decreased the amount of leaf damage experienced by plants over the season, suggesting that pollen entrapment may act as an indirect resistance. While C. setiger plants have little control over the amount of pollen on their surfaces, pollen adds to the diet of predatory arthropods that reduce herbivory, thus attraction of predators may be an adaptive benefit of leaf structures such as wooly trichomes that entrap pollen. 漏 2019 by the Ecological Society of America. Van Wyk Jennifer I JI Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of California Davis, 1 Shields Ave, Davis, California, 95616, USA. Krimmel Billy A BA Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of California Davis, 1 Shields Ave, Davis, California, 95616, USA. Miridae, 1322聽F St., Sacramento, California, 95814, USA. Crova Laure L Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of California Davis, 1 Shields Ave, Davis, California, 95616, USA. Pearse Ian S IS U.S. Geological Survey, Fort Collins Science Center, 2150 Centre Avenue #C, Fort Collins, Colorado, 80526, USA. eng Journal Article Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. 2019 09 27 United States Ecology 0043541 0012-9658 IM Animals Arthropods Herbivory Plants Pollen Predatory Behavior herbivory indirect resistance pollen subsidy tritrophic interaction trophic cascade 2019 01 25 2019 06 11 2019 07 08 2019 8 28 6 0 2019 12 18 6 0 2019 8 28 6 0 ppublish 31454070 10.1002/ecy.2867 Literature Cited, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>9.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Parasitism of the Invasive Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, <i>Halyomorpha halys</i> (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), by the Native Parasitoid, <i>Trichopoda pennipes</i> (Diptera: Tachinidae).</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Joshi NK, Leslie TW, Biddinger DJ<br><font color=gray><i>Biology, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>10.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Ant-mealybug mutualism modulates the performance of co-occurring herbivores.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Xu C, Su J, Qu X, Zhou A<br><font color=gray><i>Scientific reports, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br><br><br><table cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center><tr valign=bottom><td align=center><img src=p.png border=0></td><td align=center><img src=o_red.png border=0></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=hemipterans&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=hemipterans&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=hemipterans&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=hemipterans&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=hemipterans&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=hemipterans&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=7><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=hemipterans&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=8><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=hemipterans&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=9><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=hemipterans&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=10><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=hemipterans&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=rtal.png border=0></a></td></tr><td align=center></td><td align=center>1</td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=hemipterans&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2>2</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=hemipterans&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3>3</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=hemipterans&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4>4</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=hemipterans&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5>5</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=hemipterans&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6>6</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=hemipterans&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=7>7</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=hemipterans&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=8>8</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=hemipterans&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=9>9</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=hemipterans&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=10>10</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=hemipterans&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2>禄</a></td></tr></table></table></tr></table></td><script src="http://www.google-analytics.com/urchin.js" type="text/javascript"> </script> <script type="text/javascript"> _uacct = "UA-634822-1"; urchinTracker(); </script> </BODY> </HTML>