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Scientific:
   Macrognathus aculeatus (elephant trunk fish) 

Synonyms:
   Macrognathus aculeata 
   Macrognathus aculeatum 
   Macrognathus aculeatus (spiny eel) 
   Macrognathus aral (spiny eel) 
   Ophidium aculeatum 
   Sinobdella sinensis 

Broader Terms:
   Macrognathus 
   Ophidium 
   Synbranchiformes (swamp eels) 
   elephant 
 
 
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11.  Tucumã (Astrocaryum aculeatum) prevents memory loss and oxidative imbalance in the brain of rats with hyperlipidemia.LinkIT
Jantsch MH, Bernardes VM, Oliveira JS, Passos DF, Dornelles GL, Manzoni AG, Cabral FL, da Silva JLG, Schetinger MRC, Leal DBR
Journal of food biochemistryJ Food BiochemTucumã (Astrocaryum aculeatum) prevents memory loss and oxidative imbalance in the brain of rats with hyperlipidemia.e1363610.1111/jfbc.13636Hyperlipidemia generates deposition of lipids, inflammation, and oxidative damage in cells and tissues, including those of the brain. Tucumã (Astrocaryum aculeatum) fruits contain bioactive compounds with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. We evaluated the action of Tucumã extract on memory and brain cortex redox balance in hyperlipidemic rats. For 30 days, Wistar rats received Tucumã extract (250 mg/kg). Then, hyperlipidemia was induced by intraperitoneal administration of Poloxamer-407. Twenty-four hours later, the object recognition index was measured. The animals were euthanized for sample collection 36 hr postinduction. Hyperlipidemic animals showed memory loss and an imbalance between reactive species and intrinsic antioxidants. We found that Tucumã prevented memory loss and protein and lipid oxidative damage and prompted a better antioxidant response in the cerebral cortex of rats with hyperlipidemia. These findings suggest a neuroprotective effect and nutraceutical potential of Tucumã. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: In the present work, we demonstrated that induced hyperlipidemia in rats caused memory loss and redox unbalance, both factors prevented by the administration of Tucumã (Astrocaryum aculeatum) extract. Two aims were fulfilled with these results. The first was to show that hyperlipidemia affected brain function through oxidative damage and concerned basic research. The second was to offer a therapy that prevented this harm and could be applied in the clinic. Tucumã has ethnopharmacological importance through the consumption of fruits or the administration of extracts and oils by a population that was shown to enjoy improved health and longevity. Here, we show evidence that Tucumã contributes to the maintenance of brain health by preventing memory loss and oxidative damage, a nutraceutical supplement that may aid the prevention of vascular, inflammatory, and brain diseases.© 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC.JantschMatheus HenriqueMHLaboratório de Imunobiologia Experimental e Aplicada (LABIBIO), Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.Programa de Pós-graduação em Bioquímica Toxicológica, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.BernardesViviane MartinsVMLaboratório de Imunobiologia Experimental e Aplicada (LABIBIO), Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.OliveiraJuliana SorrailaJSPrograma de Pós-graduação em Bioquímica Toxicológica, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.PassosDaniela FerreiraDFLaboratório de Imunobiologia Experimental e Aplicada (LABIBIO), Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.Programa de Pós-graduação em Bioquímica Toxicológica, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.DornellesGuilherme LopesGLPrograma de Pós-graduação em Medicina Veterinária, Centro de Ciências Rurais, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.ManzoniAlessandra GuedesAGLaboratório de Imunobiologia Experimental e Aplicada (LABIBIO), Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.Programa de Pós-graduação em Bioquímica Toxicológica, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.CabralFernanda LickerFLLaboratório de Imunobiologia Experimental e Aplicada (LABIBIO), Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.da SilvaJean Lucas GutknechtJLGLaboratório de Imunobiologia Experimental e Aplicada (LABIBIO), Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.Programa de Pós-graduação em Bioquímica Toxicológica, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.SchetingerMaria Rosa ChitolinaMRCPrograma de Pós-graduação em Bioquímica Toxicológica, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.LealDaniela Bitencourt RosaDBR0000-0003-2618-9801Laboratório de Imunobiologia Experimental e Aplicada (LABIBIO), Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.Programa de Pós-graduação em Bioquímica Toxicológica, Centro de Ciências Naturais e Exatas, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria, Brazil.engJournal ArticleResearch Support, Non-U.S. Gov't20210203United StatesJ Food Biochem77060450145-8884IMAnimalsBrainHyperlipidemiasdrug therapyMemory Disorderschemically induceddrug therapyprevention & controlOxidation-ReductionOxidative StressRatsRats, WistarTucumãbrainhyperlipidemiamemoryoxidative damage2020122120200921202101142021246020217960202123838ppublish3353349110.1111/jfbc.13636REFERENCES, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>12.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Development, characterisation, stability study and antileukemic evaluation of nanoemulsions containing <i>Astrocaryum aculeatum</i> extract.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Copetti PM, Gündel SDS, de Oliveira PSB, Favarin FR, Ramos AP, Pintos FG, Pappis L, Gündel A, Machado AK, Ourique AF, Sagrillo MR<br><font color=gray><i>Natural product research, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>13.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Single-step pyrolysis for producing magnetic activated carbon from tucumã (Astrocaryum aculeatum) seed and nickel(II) chloride and zinc(II) chloride. Application for removal of nicotinamide and propanolol.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Thue PS, Umpierres CS, Lima EC, Lima DR, Machado FM, Dos Reis GS, da Silva RS, Pavan FA, Tran HN<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of hazardous materials, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>14.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Remarkably low genetic diversity and shallow population structure detected of the spiny eel (Sinobdella sinensis) in Eastern China.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Yuan S, Liu M, Zhao Z<br><font color=gray><i>Genes & genomics, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>15.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>A systematic revision of the scale mite genus Pterygosoma Peters, 1849 (Acariformes: Pterygosomatidae).</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Fajfer M<br><font color=gray><i>Zootaxa, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>16.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Tucumã (<i>Astrocaryum aculeatum</i>) extract: phytochemical characterization, acute and subacute oral toxicity studies in <i>Wistar</i> rats.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Guex CG, Cassanego GB, Dornelles RC, Casoti R, Engelmann AM, Somacal S, Maciel RM, Duarte T, Borges WS, Andrade CM, Emanuelli T, Danesi CC, Ribeiro EE, Bauermann LF<br><font color=gray><i>Drug and chemical toxicology, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>17.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Astrocaryum aculeatum fruit improves inflammation and redox balance in phytohemagglutinin-stimulated macrophages.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Cabral FL, Bernardes VM, Passos DF, de Oliveira JS, Doleski PH, Silveira KL, Horvarth MC, Bremm JM, Barbisan F, Azzolin VF, Teixeira CF, de Andrade CM, da Cruz IBM, Ribeiro EE, Leal DBR<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of ethnopharmacology, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>18.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Quantitative CE analysis of punicalagin in Combretum aculeatum extracts traditionally used in Senegal for the treatment of tuberculosis.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Diop EA, Jacquat J, Drouin N, Queiroz EF, Wolfender JL, Diop T, Schappler J, Rudaz S<br><font color=gray><i>ElectrophoresisElectrophoresisQuantitative CE analysis of punicalagin in Combretum aculeatum extracts traditionally used in Senegal for the treatment of tuberculosis.2820-282710.1002/elps.201900240Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the causative agent of tuberculosis, an infectious bacterial disease, which most commonly affects the lungs. In the search for novel active compounds or medicines against tuberculosis, an ethnopharmacological survey combined with a host-pathogen assay has recently highlighted the potency of an aqueous extract of Combretum aculeatum. C. aculeatum is used in traditional medicine and has demonstrated a significant in vitro antimycobacterial activity. Punicalagin, an ellagitannin, was isolated and found to be related to the biological activity of the extract. An analytical method for the evaluation of punicalagin in C. aculeatum was developed by capillary electrophoresis. After method optimization, the quantification of punicalagin was achieved for the evaluation of various plant extracts to determine the content of punicalagin related to the extraction modes and conditions, origin of the plant material, and harvesting period. The developed method demonstrated that the leaves presented the highest punicalagin content compared to the seeds and stems. A decoction of 30 min in boiling water was found to be the best extraction mode of C. aculeatum.© 2019 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.DiopElHadji AssaneEASchool of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Geneva, University of Lausanne, Geneva, Switzerland.Biology Department, Université Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal.JacquatJennaJSchool of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Geneva, University of Lausanne, Geneva, Switzerland.DrouinNicolasNSchool of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Geneva, University of Lausanne, Geneva, Switzerland.QueirozEmerson FerreiraEFSchool of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Geneva, University of Lausanne, Geneva, Switzerland.WolfenderJean-LucJLSchool of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Geneva, University of Lausanne, Geneva, Switzerland.DiopTahirTBiology Department, Université Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal.SchapplerJulieJ0000-0002-6281-3002School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Geneva, University of Lausanne, Geneva, Switzerland.RudazSergeS0000-0002-4180-5417School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Geneva, University of Lausanne, Geneva, Switzerland.engJournal ArticleResearch Support, Non-U.S. Gov't20190920GermanyElectrophoresis82044760173-08350Antitubercular Agents0Hydrolyzable Tannins0Plant Extracts65995-63-3punicalaginIMAntitubercular AgentsanalysisCombretumElectrophoresis, CapillarymethodsHydrolyzable TanninsanalysisLimit of DetectionLinear ModelsPlant ExtractschemistryReproducibility of ResultsSenegalCapillary electrophoresisCombretum aculeatumMethod developmentPunicalaginTuberculosis201901152019072620190810201981460202033160201981460ppublish3140780010.1002/elps.2019002405 References, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>19.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Anti-inflammatory and phytochemical evaluation of Combretum aculeatum Vent growing in Sudan.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Hamad KM, Sabry MM, Elgayed SH, El Shabrawy AR, El-Fishawy AM, Abdel Jaleel GA<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of ethnopharmacology, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>20.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>The plastomes of Astrocaryum aculeatum G. Mey. and A. murumuru Mart. show a flip-flop recombination between two short inverted repeats.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>de Santana Lopes A, Gomes Pacheco T, Nascimento da Silva O, Magalhães Cruz L, Balsanelli E, Maltempi de Souza E, de Oliveira Pedrosa F, Rogalski M<br><font color=gray><i>Planta, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br><br><br><table cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center><tr valign=bottom><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=1><img src=p.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=1><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><img src=o_red.png border=0></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=7><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=8><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=9><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=10><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=11><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3><img src=rtal.png border=0></a></td></tr><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=1>«</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=1>1</a></td><td align=center>2</td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3>3</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4>4</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5>5</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6>6</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=7>7</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=8>8</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=9>9</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=10>10</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=11>11</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=elephant+trunk+fish&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3>»</a></td></tr></table></table></tr></table></td><script src="http://www.google-analytics.com/urchin.js" type="text/javascript"> </script> <script type="text/javascript"> _uacct = "UA-634822-1"; urchinTracker(); </script> </BODY> </HTML>