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Scientific:
   Rhodactis (elephant ear mushroom corals) 

Synonyms:
   Rhodactis 

Broader Terms:
   Actinodiscidae 
   Aliciidae 
   Corallimorphidae 
   Discosomatidae 
   Rhodactis 
   elephant 

More Specific:
   Rhodactis 
   Rhodactis bryoides 
   Rhodactis danae 
   Rhodactis howesi 
   Rhodactis howesii 
   Rhodactis inchoata 
   Rhodactis indosinensis 
   Rhodactis mussoides 
   Rhodactis rhodostoma 
   Rhodactis rhodostomum 
 
 
Latest Articles on elephant ear mushroom corals from uBioRSS
Photoacclimation mechanisms of corallimorpharians on coral reefs: Photosynt... - ScienceDirect Search: species
Rhodactis rhodostoma (Hemprich & Ehrenberg in Ehrenberg, 1834) - WoRMS latest edits


External Resources:



1.  Taxonomy of the Apicomplexan Symbionts of Coral, including Corallicolida ord. nov., Reassignment of the Genus Gemmocystis, and Description of New Species Corallicola aquarius gen. nov. sp. nov. and Anthozoaphila gnarlus gen. nov. sp. nov.LinkIT
Kwong WK, Irwin NAT, Mathur V, Na I, Okamoto N, Vermeij MJA, Keeling PJ
The Journal of eukaryotic microbiologyJ Eukaryot MicrobiolTaxonomy of the Apicomplexan Symbionts of Coral, including Corallicolida ord. nov., Reassignment of the Genus Gemmocystis, and Description of New Species Corallicola aquarius gen. nov. sp. nov. and Anthozoaphila gnarlus gen. nov. sp. nov.e1285210.1111/jeu.12852Corals (Metazoa; Cnidaria; Anthozoa) have recently been shown to play host to a widespread and diverse group of intracellular symbionts of the phylum Apicomplexa. These symbionts, colloquially called "corallicolids", are mostly known through molecular analyses, and no formal taxonomy has been proposed. Another apicomplexan, Gemmocystis cylindrus (described from the coral Dendrogyra cylindrus), may be related to corallicolids, but lacks molecular data. Here, we isolate and describe motile trophozoite (feeding) corallicolids cells using microscopic (light, SEM, and TEM) and molecular phylogenetic analysis to provide the basis for a formal description. Phylogenetic analyses using nuclear and plastid rRNA operons, and three mitochondrial protein sequences derived from single cell transcriptomes, all confirm that these organisms fall into a discrete deep-branching clade within the Apicomplexa not closely related to any known species or major subgroup. As a result, we assign this clade to a new order, Corallicolida ord. nov., and family, Corallicolidae fam. nov. We describe a type species, Corallicola aquarius gen. nov. sp. nov. from its Rhodactis sp. host, and also describe a second species, Anthozoaphila gnarlus gen. nov. sp. nov., from the coral host Madracis mirabilis. Finally, we propose reassigning the incertae sedis taxon G. cylindrus from the order Agamococcidiorida to the Corallicolida, based on similarities in morphology and host localization to that of the corallicolids.© 2021 International Society of Protistologists.KwongWaldan KWKhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-7999-3217Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4, Canada.IrwinNicholas A TNATDepartment of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4, Canada.MathurVarshaVDepartment of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4, Canada.NaInaIDepartment of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4, Canada.OkamotoNorikoNDepartment of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4, Canada.VermeijMark J AMJAAquatic Microbiology, Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 700, Amsterdam, 1098 XH, The Netherlands.CARMABI Foundation, PO Box 2090, Piscaderabaai z/n, Willemstad, Curaçao.KeelingPatrick JPJDepartment of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4, Canada.engRefSeqMW192638MW192642MW206707MW206712PDF-502457-2017Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of CanadaKillam Postdoctoral Research FellowshipUniversity of British ColumbiaGordon and Betty Moore FoundationNE/S013415/1UKRI NERC Workshop researchJournal Article20210325United StatesJ Eukaryot Microbiol93064051066-5234IMApicomplexagenomicsmicroscopyphylogeneticsplastids2021022720201123202103122021327602021327602021326725aheadofprint3376866910.1111/jeu.12852Literature Cited, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>2.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Evolution of cnidarian trans-defensins: Sequence, structure and exploration of chemical space.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Mitchell ML, Shafee T, Papenfuss AT, Norton RS<br><font color=gray><i>Proteins, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>3.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Transcriptomic analyses highlight the likely metabolic consequences of colonization of a cnidarian host by native or non-native <i>Symbiodinium</i> species.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Lin MF, Takahashi S, Forêt S, Davy SK, Miller DJ<br><font color=gray><i>Biology open, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>4.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Phase shift from a coral to a corallimorph-dominated reef associated with a shipwreck on Palmyra atoll.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Work TM, Aeby GS, Maragos JE<br><font color=gray><i>PloS one, 2008</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>5.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Environmental effects on the distribution of corallimorpharians in Tanzania.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Muhando CA, Kuguru BL, Wagner GM, Mbije NE, Ohman MC<br><font color=gray><i>Ambio, 2002</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>6.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Diel Variation in Prey Capture Behavior by the Corallimorpharian Discosoma sanctithomae: Mechanical and Chemical Activation of Feeding.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Elliott J, Cook CB<br><font color=gray><i>The Biological bulletin, 1989</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>7.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Hemolysins and proteinase inhibitors from sea anemones of the Gulf of Aqaba.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Mebs D, Liebrich M, Reul A, Samejima Y<br><font color=gray><i>Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology, 1983</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>8.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Novel role of calcium in exocytosis: mechanism of nematocyst discharge as shown by x-ray microanalysis.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Lubbock R, Gupta BL, Hall TA<br><font color=gray><i>Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 1981</i></font><br><font 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Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine (New York, N.Y.), 1966</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br></table></tr></table></td><script src="http://www.google-analytics.com/urchin.js" type="text/javascript"> </script> <script type="text/javascript"> _uacct = "UA-634822-1"; urchinTracker(); </script> </BODY> </HTML>