141. New developments in cognitive-behavioural therapy for eating disorders (CBT-ED).
Mulkens S, Waller G
Current opinion in psychiatry, 2021
142. Neuropsychological functioning in adult anorexia nervosa: A meta-analysis.
Stedal K, Broomfield C, Hay P, Touyz S, Scherer R
Neuroscience and biobehavioral reviews, 2021
143. Establishing consensus for labeling and defining the later stage of anorexia nervosa: A Delphi study.
Broomfield C, Noetel M, Stedal K, Hay P, Touyz S
The International journal of eating disordersInt J Eat DisordEstablishing consensus for labeling and defining the later stage of anorexia nervosa: A Delphi study.1865-187410.1002/eat.23600Varied perspectives on the later stage of anorexia nervosa (AN) have left the field of eating disorders without a consistent label or definition for this subpopulation. As a result, diverse criteria when recruiting participants have led to incomparable results across research studies and a lack of guidance when assessing and treating patients in the clinical context. The aim of the current study was to develop consensus-based guidelines on the labeling and defining of the later stage of AN.Utilizing the Delphi methodology, a professional panel of experts (N = 21) participated in three rounds of questionnaires. Five open-ended questions (Round 1) were analyzed using content analysis to form statements relating to a classification system for labeling and defining the later stage of AN. A total of 80 statements were rated in terms of panelists' level of agreement (Rounds 2 and 3).Consensus was achieved for 28.8% of statements and a further 16.3% of statements reached near consensus in the second and third round of questionnaires. Two labels were identified with five defining features achieving consensus.Findings from the study suggest an alternative approach to labeling be adopted with consensus-based guidelines established for defining the later stage of AN. Implications that may occur from a unified classification system are explored with longitudinal research required to assess the impact on patients experiencing the later stage of AN.© 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC.BroomfieldCatherineC0000-0001-8655-1708School of Psychology, Brain and Mind Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.NoetelMelissaMSchool of Psychology, Brain and Mind Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.StedalKristinKRegional Department of Eating Disorders, Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål HF, Oslo, Norway.HayPhillipaP0000-0003-0296-6856Translational Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, Sydney, Australia.TouyzStephenSInsideOut Institute, Charles Perkins Centre, The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.engJournal Article20210830United StatesInt J Eat Disord81112260276-3478IManorexia nervosadefiningenduringlabelingsevere2021081620210626202108172021831602021831602021830850ppublish3445951310.1002/eat.23600REFERENCES, 2021
144. Metabolic changes in the cingulate gyrus, precuneus, and white matter in anorexia nervosa using multivoxel MR spectroscopy.
Regnaud A, Boto J, Klauser A, Lövblad KO, Vargas MI, Lazeyras F
Journal of neuroimaging : official journal of the American Society of NeuroimagingJ NeuroimagingMetabolic changes in the cingulate gyrus, precuneus, and white matter in anorexia nervosa using multivoxel MR spectroscopy.10.1111/jon.12922This study aimed to highlight anorexia nervosa-related metabolic changes in different brain regions with different gray and white matter contents.In a prospective study, 25 anorexic patients with mean body mass index (BMI) of 14.79 kg/m2 (range 10.04-20.58) were compared with 15 healthy controls with mean BMI of 21.08 kg/m2 (range 18.36-27.34). Two-dimensional magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging was acquired in the axial plane above the corpus callosum, including frontal, precentral, postcentral, cingular, and parietal regions, as well as the precuneus, each voxel containing gray and white matter.In the anorexic group, a significant increase of choline/creatine was observed in all brain regions except the precuneus: frontal (p = 0.009), cingulate (p = 0.001), precentral (p = 0.001), postcentral (p = 0.001), and parietal (p = 0.002); and in white and gray matter (p< 0.001). Macromolecules09/creatine was decreased in the following regions: frontal (p = 0.003), cingulate (p< 0.001), precentral (p = 0.004), and precuneus (p = 0.007), and in white and gray matter (p< 0.05). We observed significantly lower values of N-acetyl aspartate/creatine in the frontal (p < 0.001) and precentral (p< 0.001) regions and in voxels containing more than 50% white matter (p = 0.001); and significantly lower values of myo-inositol/creatine in the precentral (p = 0.006), postcentral (p< 0.001), and precuneus (p = 0.006) regions.We observed an increase in choline/creatine in anorexics, possibly reflecting increased cell turnover; a decrease in macromolecules, which was particularly low in the cingulate and precuneus the former being known to be altered in eating disorders; and a decrease in N-acetyl aspartate/creatine considered as a marker of neuronal density and function.© 2021 The Authors. Journal of Neuroimaging published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of American Society of Neuroimaging.RegnaudAliceAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6323-9340Division of Neuroradiology, Faculty of Medicine of Geneva, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland.BotoJoséJhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-1448-861XDivision of Neuroradiology, Faculty of Medicine of Geneva, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland.KlauserAntoineAhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3019-9914Department of Radiology and Medical Informatics, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.Center for Biomedical Imaging (CIBM), University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.LövbladKarl-OlofKOhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2768-9779Division of Neuroradiology, Faculty of Medicine of Geneva, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland.VargasMaria IsabelMIhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6571-5336Division of Neuroradiology, Faculty of Medicine of Geneva, Geneva University Hospital, Geneva, Switzerland.LazeyrasFrançoisFhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-9364-0634Department of Radiology and Medical Informatics, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.Center for Biomedical Imaging (CIBM), University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.engJournal Article20210831United StatesJ Neuroimaging91027051051-2284IManorexia nervosabrain metabolitesmagnetic resonance spectroscopymultivoxel20210711202009182021080920218316562021916020219160aheadofprint3446300810.1111/jon.12922REFERENCES, 2021
145. Effects of COVID-19 lockdown on eating disorders and obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Sideli L, Lo Coco G, Bonfanti RC, Borsarini B, Fortunato L, Sechi C, Micali N
European eating disorders review : the journal of the Eating Disorders AssociationEur Eat Disord RevEffects of COVID-19 lockdown on eating disorders and obesity: A systematic review and meta-analysis.10.1002/erv.2861This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine: the pooled prevalence of symptomatic behaviours and mental health deterioration amongst individuals with eating disorders (EDs) and obesity during the COVID-19 confinement. Moreover, we examined changes in EDs and distress before and during the confinement, and the association between psychosocial factors and EDs symptoms.A systematic search was carried out in biomedical databases from January 2020 to January 2021. Both cross-sectional and longitudinal studies that used quantitative measures of ED symptoms and psychological distress during and after the COVID-19 confinement were included.A total of 26 studies met inclusion criteria (n = 3399, 85.7% female). The pooled prevalence of symptomatic deterioration in EDs was 65% (95% CI[48,81], k = 10). The pooled prevalence of increased weight in obesity was 52% (95% CI[25,78], k = 4). More than half of the participants experienced depression and anxiety. Moreover, at least 75% of the individuals with EDs reported shape and eating concerns, and increased thinking about exercising. However, the pooled analyses of longitudinal studies showed no significant differences from pre-pandemic levels to the first lockdown phase in Body Mass Index and ED symptoms, whereas only few studies suggested increased distress, particularly among individuals with anorexia nervosa.The majority of individuals with EDs and obesity reported symptomatic worsening during the lockdown. However, further longitudinal studies are needed to identify vulnerable groups, as well as the long-term consequences of COVID-19.© 2021 The Authors. European Eating Disorders Review published by Eating Disorders Association and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.SideliLuciaLhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6124-6897Department of Human Science, LUMSA University, Rome, Italy.Lo CocoGianlucaGhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9027-1899Department of Psychology, Educational Science and Human Movement, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.BonfantiRubinia CelesteRChttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-3119-7013Department of Psychology, Educational Science and Human Movement, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.BorsariniBiancaBDepartment of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.FortunatoLuciaLDepartment of Psychology, Educational Science and Human Movement, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.SechiCristinaChttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8900-6983Department of Pedagogy, Psychology, Philosophy, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.MicaliNadiaNhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-5571-2273Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland.engJournal ArticleReview20210830EnglandEur Eat Disord Rev94369771072-4133IMCOVID-19distresseating disordersmeta-analysisobesitysystematic review20210727202106152021080920218301727202183160202183160aheadofprint3446099110.1002/erv.2861REFERENCESAbawi, O., Welling, M. 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