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Scientific:
   Aphis craccivora (cowpea aphid) 

Synonyms:
   Aphis craccivora (black bean aphid) 
   Aphis craccivore 

Broader Terms:
   Aphis 
   Homoptera (aphids) 
   cowpea 
 
 


Aphis craccivora
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External Resources:



1.  Synthesis, Crystal Structure, and Biological Evaluation of a Novel Eight-Membered Dinitration Neonicotinoid Analogues.LinkIT
Zhang X, Yu W, Xu X, Shao X, Li Z
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 2021
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

2.  Quantification of Methylglyoxal Levels in Cowpea Leaves in Response to Cowpea Aphid Infestation.LinkIT
MacWilliams JR, Ostaszewska-Bugajska M, Borysiuk K, Szal B, Kaloshian I
Bio-protocol, 2020
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

3.  Endosymbionts facilitate rapid evolution in a polyphagous herbivore.LinkIT
Lenhart PA, White JA
Journal of evolutionary biology J Evol Biol Endosymbionts facilitate rapid evolution in a polyphagous herbivore. 1507-1511 10.1111/jeb.13697 Maternally transmitted bacterial symbionts can be important mediators of the interactions between insect herbivores and their foodplants. These symbionts are often facultative (present in some host individuals but not others) and can have large effects on their host's phenotype, thus giving rise to heritable variation upon which selection can act. In the cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora), it has been established that the facultative endosymbiont Arsenophonus improves aphid performance on black locust trees (Robinia pseudoacacia) but not on fava (Vicia faba). Here, we tested whether this fitness differential translated into contemporaneous evolution of aphid populations associated with the different plants. In a laboratory study lasting 16 weeks, we found that the frequency of Arsenophonus-infected individuals significantly increased over time for aphid populations on black locust but declined for aphid populations on fava. By the end of the experiment, Arsenophonus infection was >3× more common on black locust than fava, which is comparable to previously described infection frequencies in natural field populations. Our results clearly demonstrate that aphid populations with mixed facultative symbiont infection status can rapidly evolve in response to the selective environments imposed by different host plants. This selection differential may be a sufficient explanation for the global association between Arsenophonus-infected cowpea aphids and black locust trees, without invoking additional assortative mechanisms. Because the aphid and plant originate from different parts of the world, we further hypothesize that Arsenophonus infection may have acted as a preadaptation that has promoted functional specialization of infected aphids on a novel host plant. © 2020 European Society For Evolutionary Biology. Journal of Evolutionary Biology © 2020 European Society For Evolutionary Biology. Lenhart Paul A PA Department of Entomology, S-225 Agricultural Science Center N, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA. White Jennifer A JA 0000-0003-1276-561X Department of Entomology, S-225 Agricultural Science Center N, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA. eng Journal Article Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. 2020 09 30 Switzerland J Evol Biol 8809954 1010-061X IM Arsenophonus aphid eco-evolutionary dynamics facultative endosymbiont host plant specialization insect herbivore selection experiment symbiosis 2020 04 29 2020 06 23 2020 08 27 2020 9 8 6 0 2020 9 8 6 0 2020 9 7 17 5 ppublish 32894786 10.1111/jeb.13697 REFERENCES, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>4.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Identification and Characterization of Neuropeptides and Their G Protein-Coupled Receptors (GPCRs) in the <b>Cowpea Aphid</b> <i>Aphis craccivora</i>.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Li X, Du L, Jiang XJ, Ju Q, Qu CJ, Qu MJ, Liu TX<br><font color=gray><i>Frontiers in endocrinology, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>5.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>First report of vicia cryptic virus M infecting cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) in China.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Zhang K, Xu H, Zhuang X, Zang Y, Chen J<br><font color=gray><i>Plant disease, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>6.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Comparative transcriptomics revealed differential regulation of defense related genes in Brassica juncea leading to successful and unsuccessful infestation by aphid species.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Duhlian L, Koramutla MK, Subramanian S, Chamola R, Bhattacharya R<br><font color=gray><i>Scientific reports, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>7.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Individual selection of the first backcross generation of passion fruit potentially resistant to the fruit woodiness disease.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Preisigke SC, Viana AP, Santos EA, Santos PRD, AmbrÓsio M, Santos VOD, Silva FAD<br><font color=gray><i>Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciencias, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>8.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>AcDCXR Is a <b>Cowpea Aphid</b> Effector With Putative Roles in Altering Host Immunity and Physiology.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>MacWilliams JR, Dingwall S, Chesnais Q, Sugio A, Kaloshian I<br><font color=gray><i>Frontiers in plant science, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>9.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Integrated Management of <i>Aphis craccivora</i> in Cowpea Using Intercropping and Entomopathogenic Fungi under Field Conditions.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Mweke A, Akutse KS, Ulrichs C, Fiaboe KKM, Maniania NK, Ekesi S<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of fungi (Basel, Switzerland), 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>10.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Design, Synthesis, Characterization, and Insecticidal Bioefficacy Screening of Some New Pyridine Derivatives.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>El-Dean AMK, Abd-Ella AA, Hassanien R, El-Sayed MEA, A Abdel-Raheem SA<br><font color=gray><i>ACS omega, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br><br><br><table cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center><tr valign=bottom><td align=center><img src=p.png border=0></td><td align=center><img src=o_red.png border=0></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=cowpea+aphid&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=cowpea+aphid&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=cowpea+aphid&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=cowpea+aphid&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a 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