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   Spirochaete bacteria 
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   Spirochaete cohnii 
   Spirochaete denticola 
   Spirochaete dentium 
   Spirochaete ferruginea 
   Spirochaete gallinarum 
   Spirochaete hartmanni 
   Spirochaete kochii 
   Spirochaete obermeieri 
   Spirochaete pertenuis 
   Spirochaete pinnae 
   Spirochaete plicatilis 
   Spirochaete recurrentis 
   Spirochaete repacis 
   Spirochaete schroeteri 
   Spirochaete schroeterii 
 
 


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1.  http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0LinkIT
Nes MS, Lif Breivik K
Tidsskrift for den Norske laegeforening : tidsskrift for praktisk medicin, ny raekke, 2021

2.  Evidence of homologous recombination as a driver of diversity in Brachyspira pilosicoli.LinkIT
Pandey A, Humbert MV, Jackson A, Passey JL, Hampson DJ, Cleary DW, La Ragione RM, Christodoulides M
Microbial genomics, 2020
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

3.  Novel Borrelia genotypes in bats from the Macaregua Cave, Colombia.LinkIT
Muñoz-Leal S, Faccini-Martínez ÁA, Pérez-Torres J, Chala-Quintero SM, Herrera-Sepúlveda MT, Cuervo C, Labruna MB
Zoonoses and public health Zoonoses Public Health Novel Borrelia genotypes in bats from the Macaregua Cave, Colombia. 10.1111/zph.12789 Bats have been implicated as reservoirs of relapsing fever group spirochaetes since the beginning of the last century. Recently, bat-associated spirochaetes have been reported as human pathogens. In 1968, a spirochaete was detected in blood of the bat Natalus tumidirostris captured inside the Macaregua cave, Colombia. Data on this microorganism were never published again. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of Borrelia DNA in blood from bats of Macaregua cave. We performed molecular analyses using a genus-specific real-time PCR targeting the 16S rRNA to detect DNA of Borrelia in blood samples from 46 bats captured in the Macaregua cave. Positive samples were submitted to a battery of PCRs aiming to amply Borrelia 16S rRNA, flaB, glpQ, p66, ospC, clpA, clpX, nifS, pepX, pyrG, recG, rplB and uvrA genes. Seventeen samples were positive for Borrelia after real-time PCR. With the exception of flaB gene, attempts to amplify further loci were unsuccessful. Nucleotide and amino acid divergences of four flaB haplotypes characterized from blood of Carollia perspicillata showed Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (Bbsl) as the most closely related group. A phylogenetic tree including 74 sequences of the genus confirmed this trend, since Borrelia genotypes detected in bats from Macaregua formed a monophyletic group basally positioned to Bbsl. Our results suggest that Borrelia genotypes characterized from bats roosting in the Macaregua cave might constitute a new taxon within the genus. This is the first molecular characterization of a Borrelia sp. in Colombia. © 2020 Wiley-VCH GmbH. Muñoz-Leal Sebastián S https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3547-6466 Department of Pathology and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Concepción, Chillán, Chile. Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechny, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. Faccini-Martínez Álvaro A ÁA https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1127-0132 Instituto de Investigaciones Biológicas del Trópico, Universidad de Córdoba, Campus Berástegui, Córdoba, Colombia. Committee of Tropical Medicine, Zoonoses and Travel Medicine, Asociación Colombiana de Infectología, Bogotá, Colombia. Pérez-Torres Jairo J Ecology and Systematics Unit (UNESIS), Laboratory of Functional Ecology, Faculty of Sciences, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia. Chala-Quintero Sandra M SM Ecology and Systematics Unit (UNESIS), Laboratory of Functional Ecology, Faculty of Sciences, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia. Herrera-Sepúlveda Maria T MT Ecology and Systematics Unit (UNESIS), Laboratory of Functional Ecology, Faculty of Sciences, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia. Infectious Diseases Group, Faculty of Sciences, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia. Cuervo Claudia C Infectious Diseases Group, Faculty of Sciences, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia. Labruna Marcelo B MB Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechny, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. eng 5696 Research Committee from the Faculty of Sciences of Pontificia Universidad Javeriana 2018/02521-1 Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo 2019/17960-3 Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo Journal Article 2020 11 23 Germany Zoonoses Public Health 101300786 1863-1959 IM Borrelia Borrelia burgdorferi Ornithodoros Colombia Spirochaetales chiroptera 2020 09 06 2020 11 04 2020 11 05 2020 11 23 8 46 2020 11 24 6 0 2020 11 24 6 0 aheadofprint 33226201 10.1111/zph.12789 REFERENCES, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>4.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Interactions between Borrelia burgdorferi and ticks.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Kurokawa C, Lynn GE, Pedra JHF, Pal U, Narasimhan S, Fikrig E<br><font color=gray><i>Nature reviews. Microbiology, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>5.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>The wrong <b>Spirochaete</b>? Acute kidney injury in a returning traveller with syphilis - a case report.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Cook H, Gompels M<br><font color=gray><i>BMC infectious diseases, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>6.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>AAA+ Molecular Chaperone ClpB in <i>Leptospira interrogans</i>: Its Role and Significance in Leptospiral Virulence and Pathogenesis of Leptospirosis.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>K?dzierska-Mieszkowska S, Arent Z<br><font color=gray><i>International journal of molecular sciences, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>7.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Genetic diversity of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto: Novel strains from Mexican wild rodents.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Colunga-Salas P, Hernández-Canchola G, Sánchez-Montes S, Lozano-Sardaneta YN, Becker I<br><font color=gray><i>Transboundary and emerging diseases Transbound Emerg Dis Genetic diversity of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto: Novel strains from Mexican wild rodents. 10.1111/tbed.13780 Borrelia burgdorferi s.s. is a Gram-negative spirochaete, the aetiological agent of Lyme disease, the most common vector-borne disease in the Northern hemisphere. Reports on the presence of B. burgdorferi in central Mexico have been strongly criticized, since these were based only on unspecific serological methods. Furthermore, the worldwide genetic diversity of B. burgdorferi s.s. has not been evaluated. For this reason, the aim of the present study was to confirm the presence of B. burgdorferi in the central area of Mexico and to evaluate its relationship with regard to the global genetic diversity of B. burgdorferi s.s. To achieve this, fragments of the flagellin and the outer surface protein A genes were amplified from ear biopsies of the arboreal wild endemic mice Habromys schmidlyi. With these sequences, a concatenated Bayesian analysis was performed to confirm the identity of B. burgdorferi s.s. Afterwards, the global genetic diversity of this bacterial species was evaluated using our sequences and those available in GenBank. A prevalence of 10.4% (5/48) of H. schmidlyi infected with Borrelia sp. was detected, and the phylogenetic analyses confirmed the identity of B. burgdorferi s.s. Using both genes, the genetic diversity was low. However, genetic structuring analyses revealed that populations of western United States and those from Mexico formed slightly different genetic groups, separated from the populations of the rest of the world. Our study not only confirms the presence of this bacterium in central Mexico, but also shows the most southern record of this bacterium so far. It also highlights the importance of H. schmidlyi as a new potential host of this bacterial species. Our study also provides first genetic data on an incipient process of divergence in B. burgdorferi s.s. populations of eastern United States and central Mexico. © 2020 Wiley-VCH GmbH. Colunga-Salas Pablo P https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1355-0939 Centro de Medicina Tropical, División de Investigación, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México. Programa de Doctorado en Ciencias Biomédicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, Mexico. Hernández-Canchola Giovani G https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5874-6919 Museum of Natural Science, 119 Foster Hall, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA. Colección de Mamíferos, Museo de Zoología "Alfonso L. Herrera", Departamento de Biología Evolutiva, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, Mexico. Sánchez-Montes Sokani S https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6316-2187 Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias región Tuxpan, Universidad Veracruzana, Veracruz, México. Lozano-Sardaneta Yokomi N YN https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2389-6087 Centro de Medicina Tropical, División de Investigación, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México. Becker Ingeborg I https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3821-4998 Centro de Medicina Tropical, División de Investigación, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México. eng Journal Article 2020 08 09 Germany Transbound Emerg Dis 101319538 1865-1674 IM Borreliella Habromys schmidlyi Lyme disease flagellin ospA 2020 04 28 2020 08 03 2020 08 04 2020 8 11 6 0 2020 8 11 6 0 2020 8 11 6 0 aheadofprint 32772436 10.1111/tbed.13780 REFERENCES, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>8.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title><i>Rectinema subterraneum</i> sp. nov, a chemotrophic <b>spirochaete</b> isolated from the deep terrestrial subsurface.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Momper L, Semler A, Lu GS, Miyazaki M, Imachi H, Amend JP<br><font color=gray><i>International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>9.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Congenital syphilis, the great imitator-case report and review.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Keuning MW, Kamp GA, Schonenberg-Meinema D, Dorigo-Zetsma JW, van Zuiden JM, Pajkrt D<br><font color=gray><i>The Lancet. Infectious diseases, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>10.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Weil's disease in a young homeless man living in Lisbon.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Moreira Marques T, Nascimento PO, Almeida A, Tosatto V<br><font color=gray><i>BMJ case reports, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br><br><br><table cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center><tr valign=bottom><td align=center><img src=p.png border=0></td><td align=center><img src=o_red.png border=0></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=7><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=8><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=9><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=10><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=rtal.png border=0></a></td></tr><td align=center></td><td align=center>1</td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2>2</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3>3</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4>4</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5>5</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6>6</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=7>7</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=8>8</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=9>9</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=10>10</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2>»</a></td></tr></table></table></tr></table></td><script src="http://www.google-analytics.com/urchin.js" type="text/javascript"> </script> <script type="text/javascript"> _uacct = "UA-634822-1"; urchinTracker(); </script> </BODY> </HTML>