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   Spirochaete bacteria 
   Spirochaete buccalis 
   Spirochaete cohnii 
   Spirochaete denticola 
   Spirochaete dentium 
   Spirochaete ferruginea 
   Spirochaete gallinarum 
   Spirochaete hartmanni 
   Spirochaete kochii 
   Spirochaete obermeieri 
   Spirochaete pertenuis 
   Spirochaete pinnae 
   Spirochaete plicatilis 
   Spirochaete recurrentis 
   Spirochaete repacis 
   Spirochaete schroeteri 
   Spirochaete schroeterii 
 
 


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1.  Interactions between Borrelia burgdorferi and ticks.LinkIT
Kurokawa C, Lynn GE, Pedra JHF, Pal U, Narasimhan S, Fikrig E
Nature reviews. Microbiology, 2020
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

2.  The wrong Spirochaete? Acute kidney injury in a returning traveller with syphilis - a case report.LinkIT
Cook H, Gompels M
BMC infectious diseases, 2020
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

3.  AAA+ Molecular Chaperone ClpB in Leptospira interrogans: Its Role and Significance in Leptospiral Virulence and Pathogenesis of Leptospirosis.LinkIT
K?dzierska-Mieszkowska S, Arent Z
International journal of molecular sciences, 2020
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

4.  Molecular characterization of gut microbial shift in SD rats after death for 30 days.LinkIT
Li H, Yang E, Zhang S, Zhang J, Yuan L, Liu R, Ullah S, Wang Q, Mushtaq N, Shi Y, An C, Wang Z, Xu J
Archives of microbiology, 2020
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

5.  Genetic diversity of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto: Novel strains from Mexican wild rodents.LinkIT
Colunga-Salas P, Hernández-Canchola G, Sánchez-Montes S, Lozano-Sardaneta YN, Becker I
Transboundary and emerging diseases Transbound Emerg Dis Genetic diversity of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto: Novel strains from Mexican wild rodents. 10.1111/tbed.13780 Borrelia burgdorferi s.s. is a Gram-negative spirochaete, the aetiological agent of Lyme disease, the most common vector-borne disease in the Northern hemisphere. Reports on the presence of B. burgdorferi in central Mexico have been strongly criticized, since these were based only on unspecific serological methods. Furthermore, the worldwide genetic diversity of B. burgdorferi s.s. has not been evaluated. For this reason, the aim of the present study was to confirm the presence of B. burgdorferi in the central area of Mexico and to evaluate its relationship with regard to the global genetic diversity of B. burgdorferi s.s. To achieve this, fragments of the flagellin and the outer surface protein A genes were amplified from ear biopsies of the arboreal wild endemic mice Habromys schmidlyi. With these sequences, a concatenated Bayesian analysis was performed to confirm the identity of B. burgdorferi s.s. Afterwards, the global genetic diversity of this bacterial species was evaluated using our sequences and those available in GenBank. A prevalence of 10.4% (5/48) of H. schmidlyi infected with Borrelia sp. was detected, and the phylogenetic analyses confirmed the identity of B. burgdorferi s.s. Using both genes, the genetic diversity was low. However, genetic structuring analyses revealed that populations of western United States and those from Mexico formed slightly different genetic groups, separated from the populations of the rest of the world. Our study not only confirms the presence of this bacterium in central Mexico, but also shows the most southern record of this bacterium so far. It also highlights the importance of H. schmidlyi as a new potential host of this bacterial species. Our study also provides first genetic data on an incipient process of divergence in B. burgdorferi s.s. populations of eastern United States and central Mexico. © 2020 Wiley-VCH GmbH. Colunga-Salas Pablo P https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1355-0939 Centro de Medicina Tropical, División de Investigación, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México. Programa de Doctorado en Ciencias Biomédicas, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, Mexico. Hernández-Canchola Giovani G https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5874-6919 Museum of Natural Science, 119 Foster Hall, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, USA. Colección de Mamíferos, Museo de Zoología "Alfonso L. Herrera", Departamento de Biología Evolutiva, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, Mexico. Sánchez-Montes Sokani S https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6316-2187 Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias región Tuxpan, Universidad Veracruzana, Veracruz, México. Lozano-Sardaneta Yokomi N YN https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2389-6087 Centro de Medicina Tropical, División de Investigación, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México. Becker Ingeborg I https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3821-4998 Centro de Medicina Tropical, División de Investigación, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Ciudad de México, México. eng Journal Article 2020 08 09 Germany Transbound Emerg Dis 101319538 1865-1674 IM Borreliella Habromys schmidlyi Lyme disease flagellin ospA 2020 04 28 2020 08 03 2020 08 04 2020 8 11 6 0 2020 8 11 6 0 2020 8 11 6 0 aheadofprint 32772436 10.1111/tbed.13780 REFERENCES, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>6.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title><i>Rectinema subterraneum</i> sp. nov, a chemotrophic <b>spirochaete</b> isolated from the deep terrestrial subsurface.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Momper L, Semler A, Lu GS, Miyazaki M, Imachi H, Amend JP<br><font color=gray><i>International journal of systematic and evolutionary microbiology, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>7.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Congenital syphilis, the great imitator-case report and review.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Keuning MW, Kamp GA, Schonenberg-Meinema D, Dorigo-Zetsma JW, van Zuiden JM, Pajkrt D<br><font color=gray><i>The Lancet. Infectious diseases, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>8.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Weil's disease in a young homeless man living in Lisbon.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Moreira Marques T, Nascimento PO, Almeida A, Tosatto V<br><font color=gray><i>BMJ case reports, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>9.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>[Ocular Syphilis - Update].</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Rath T, Scheel M, Kriegel M, Heiligenhaus A<br><font color=gray><i>Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>10.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>High syphilis seropositivity in European brown hares (Lepus europaeus), Lower Saxony, Germany.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Hisgen L, Abel L, Hallmaier-Wacker LK, Lueert S, Siebert U, Faehndrich M, Strauss E, Voigt U, Nováková M, ?majs D, Knauf S<br><font color=gray><i>Transboundary and emerging diseases Transbound Emerg Dis High syphilis seropositivity in European brown hares (Lepus europaeus), Lower Saxony, Germany. 10.1111/tbed.13551 The lagomorph-infecting Treponema paraluisleporidarum is a close relative of the human syphilis-bacterium Treponema pallidum. There is a paucity of information on the epidemiology of hare syphilis and its relationship to the rabbit- and human-infecting treponemes that cause syphilis. In our study, we tested 734 serum samples from European brown hares (Lepus europaeus) collected between 2007 and 2019 in the federal state of Lower Saxony, Germany, for the presence of antibodies against T. paraluisleporidarum. Since T. paraluisleporidarum cross-reacts with T. pallidum antigen, we used a commercially available T. pallidum-particle agglutination (TP-PA) assay to test for the presence of antibodies. A high seropositivity (n = 405/734) was detected. An additional 233 serum samples were retested using a fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test to confirm the results of the TP-PA assay. Our results show that infection is widespread in Lower Saxony and suggest a horizontal (sexual) transmission mode since adult hares show significantly higher seropositivity than subadults (odds ratio: 0.03 [95% CI 0.02-0.05], p < .0001). No difference was detected based on gender (odds ratio: 0.79 [95% Cl 0.58-1.07], p = .1283). Further studies are warranted to genetically characterize the T. paraluisleporidarum strains that infect wild hares. © 2020 The Authors. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases published by Blackwell Verlag GmbH. Hisgen Linda L https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7594-0713 Georg-August-University, Goettingen, Germany. German Primate Center, Goettingen, Germany. Abel Lena L German Primate Center, Goettingen, Germany. Hallmaier-Wacker Luisa K LK German Primate Center, Goettingen, Germany. Lueert Simone S German Primate Center, Goettingen, Germany. Siebert Ursula U https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2556-3948 University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover - Foundation, Hannover, Germany. Faehndrich Marcus M University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover - Foundation, Hannover, Germany. Strauss Egbert E University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover - Foundation, Hannover, Germany. Voigt Ulrich U https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9505-4612 University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover - Foundation, Hannover, Germany. Nováková Markéta M https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8249-4494 Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic. ?majs David D Masaryk University, Brno, Czech Republic. Knauf Sascha S https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5744-4946 Georg-August-University, Goettingen, Germany. German Primate Center, Goettingen, Germany. eng GENBANK NC_015714.1 DFG KN1097/7-1 German Research Foundation GC18-23521J Czech Science Foundation Journal Article 2020 03 20 Germany Transbound Emerg Dis 101319538 1865-1674 IM Lepus europaeus Treponema paraluisleporidarum lagomorpha rabbit serology spirochaete 2020 02 26 2020 03 17 2020 3 21 6 0 2020 3 21 6 0 2020 3 21 6 0 aheadofprint 32196988 10.1111/tbed.13551 REFERENCES, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br><br><br><table cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center><tr valign=bottom><td align=center><img src=p.png border=0></td><td align=center><img src=o_red.png border=0></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=7><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=8><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=9><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=10><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=rtal.png border=0></a></td></tr><td align=center></td><td align=center>1</td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2>2</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3>3</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4>4</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5>5</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6>6</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=7>7</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=8>8</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=9>9</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=10>10</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Spirochaete&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2>»</a></td></tr></table></table></tr></table></td><script src="http://www.google-analytics.com/urchin.js" type="text/javascript"> </script> <script type="text/javascript"> _uacct = "UA-634822-1"; urchinTracker(); </script> </BODY> </HTML>