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Synonyms:
   Mirounga leonina (southern sea elephant) 

Broader Terms:
   Carnivora (carnivores) 
   Mirounga (elephant seals) 

More Specific:
   Mirounga leonina australis 
 
 
Latest Articles on Mirounga leonina from uBioRSS
Variation in body condition during the post-moult foraging trip of southern... - Journal of Experimental Biology recent issues
Coastal wildlife paradise declared biosphere reserve in Argentina - CBD News Headlines


External Resources:

Common Names: southern elephant seal, Zuidelijke zeeolifant, southern sea elephant



1.  An engineering perspective on the development and evolution of implantable cardiac monitors in free-living animals.LinkIT
Laske TG, Garshelis DL, Iles TL, Iaizzo PA
Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences, 2021
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

2.  Climate influences on female survival in a declining population of southern elephant seals (Mirounga leonina).LinkIT
Volzke S, McMahon CR, Hindell MA, Burton HR, Wotherspoon SJ
Ecology and evolution, 2021
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

3.  I've got you under my skin: inflammatory response to elephant seal's lice.LinkIT
Leonardi MS, Krmpotic C, Barbeito C, Soto F, Loza CM, Vera R, Negrete J
Medical and veterinary entomologyMed Vet EntomolI've got you under my skin: inflammatory response to elephant seal's lice.10.1111/mve.12538Seals (Phocidae) undergo an annual cycle of moulting that implies hair regeneration, and in the case of southern elephant seals, it also involves the superficial strata of the epidermis. Therefore, surviving the moulting period is crucial for their obligate and permanent ectoparasites. Throughout evolutionary time, sucking lice (Echinophtiriidae) have developed morphological, behavioural and ecological adaptations to cope with the amphibious lifestyle of their hosts. Lepidophthirus macrorhini, the Southern elephant seal louse species, faces the additional challenge of surviving attached to the host during the moulting period. Since lice live on the skin, L. macrorhini has developed a unique survival strategy by piercing the skin of their host, thus keeping them protected from moulting. During fieldwork in Patagonia and Antarctica, skin samples with lice within were collected for histological analysis to assess whether these parasites caused damage to the host. Lice generate an inflammatory process in the host's dermis, and these lesions could alter the normal chemical and mechanical protective properties of the skin facilitating secondary infections. Further studies that analyse the potential pathogens in those skin lesions are necessary to properly assess the real impact of ectoparasites on their host health.© 2021 The Royal Entomological Society.LeonardiM SMSInstituto de Biología de Organismos Marinos, CCT CONICET CENPAT, Puerto Madryn, Argentina.KrmpoticCCLaboratorio de Morfología Evolutiva y Desarrollo (MORPHOS) y División Paleontología Vertebrados, Museo de La Plata, Fac. Cs. Naturales y Museo, UNLP, La Plata, Argentina.CONICET, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Puerto Madryn, Argentina.BarbeitoCCCONICET, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Puerto Madryn, Argentina.Histología y Embriología Descriptiva, Experimental y Comparada, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina.SotoFFInstituto de Biología de Organismos Marinos, CCT CONICET CENPAT, Puerto Madryn, Argentina.LozaC MCMLaboratorio de Morfología Evolutiva y Desarrollo (MORPHOS) y División Paleontología Vertebrados, Museo de La Plata, Fac. Cs. Naturales y Museo, UNLP, La Plata, Argentina.CONICET, Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Puerto Madryn, Argentina.VeraRRCCT CONICET CENPAT, Puerto Madryn, Argentina.NegreteJJhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6853-8307Departamento de Biología de Predadores Tope, Instituto Antártico Argentino, Buenos Aires, Argentina.engPICT 2015-0082/PICT 2018-0537Agencia de Promoción Científica y TecnológicaPicta 2010-01Dirección Nacional del AntárticoLerner-Grey Fund for Marine ResearchJournal Article20210715EnglandMed Vet Entomol87086820269-283XIMEchinophthiriidaeLepidophthirus macrorhiniMirounga leoninaectoparasiteshistological analysisskin lesionssouthern elephant seals2021052420210105202106162021716653202171760202171760aheadofprint3426879310.1111/mve.12538References, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>4.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Determinants of moult haulout phenology and duration in southern elephant seals.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>de Kock L, Oosthuizen WC, Beltran RS, Bester MN, de Bruyn PJN<br><font color=gray><i>Scientific reports, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>5.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Positive early-late life-history trait correlations in elephant seals.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Oosthuizen WC, Péron G, Pradel R, Bester MN, de Bruyn PJN<br><font color=gray><i>EcologyEcologyPositive early-late life-history trait correlations in elephant seals.e0328810.1002/ecy.3288Correlations between early- and late-life performance are a major prediction of life-history theory. Negative early-late correlations can emerge because biological processes are optimized for early but not late life (e.g., rapid development may accelerate the onset of senescence; "developmental theory of aging") or because allocation to early-life performance comes at a cost in terms of late-life performance (as in the disposable soma theory). But variation in genetic and environmental challenges that each individual has to cope with during early life may also lead to positive early-late life-history trait correlations (the "fixed heterogeneity" or "individual quality" hypothesis). We analyzed individual life-history trajectories of 7,420 known-age female southern elephant seals (Mirounga leonina) monitored over 36 yr to determine how actuarial senescence (a proxy for late-life performance) correlate with age at first reproduction (a proxy for early-life performance). As some breeding events may not be detected in this field study, we used a custom "multievent" hierarchical model to estimate the age at first reproduction and correlate it to other life-history traits. The probability of first reproduction was 0.34 at age 3, with most females breeding for the first time at age 4, and comparatively few at older ages. Females with an early age of first reproduction outperformed delayed breeders in all aspects we considered (survival, rate of senescence, net reproductive output) but one: early breeders appeared to have an onset of actuarial senescence 1 yr earlier compared to late breeders. Genetics and environmental conditions during early life likely explain the positive correlation between early- and late-life performance. Our results provide the first evidence of actuarial senescence in female southern elephant seals.© 2021 by the Ecological Society of America.OosthuizenW ChrisWC0000-0003-2905-6297Department of Zoology and Entomology, Mammal Research Institute, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X20, Hatfield, 0028, South Africa.Marine Apex Predator Research Unit, Institute for Coastal and Marine Research and Department of Zoology, Nelson Mandela University, Port Elizabeth, 6031, South Africa.PéronGuillaumeG0000-0002-6311-4377CNRS, Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Évolutive, UMR5558, Université de Lyon, Université Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France.PradelRogerR0000-0002-2684-9251CEFE, Univ Montpellier, CNRS, EPHE, IRD, Univ Paul Valéry Montpellier 3, Montpellier, France.BesterMarthán NMNDepartment of Zoology and Entomology, Mammal Research Institute, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X20, Hatfield, 0028, South Africa.de BruynP J NicoPJN0000-0002-9114-9569Department of Zoology and Entomology, Mammal Research Institute, University of Pretoria, Private Bag X20, Hatfield, 0028, South Africa.engJournal ArticleResearch Support, Non-U.S. Gov't20210311United StatesEcology00435410012-9658IMAgingAnimalsFemaleReproductionSeals, EarlessMirounga leoninaactuarial senescenceage at first reproductionbreeding agehidden Markov modelimperfect detectionlife-history covariationtheory of aging202008262020111220211236020214276020211221219ppublish3348126710.1002/ecy.3288Literature Cited, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>6.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Conditions influencing the appearance of thermal windows and the distribution of surface temperature in hauled-out southern elephant seals.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Guerrero AI, Rogers TL, Sepúlveda M<br><font color=gray><i>Conservation physiology, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>7.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Serological screening for Brucella spp. and Leptospira spp. antibodies in southern elephant seals <b>Mirounga leonina</b> from Elephant Island, Antarctica, in 2003 and 2004.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Sánchez-Sarmiento AM, Ruoppolo V, Muelbert MM, Ferreira Neto JS, Catão-Dias JL<br><font color=gray><i>Diseases of aquatic organisms, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>8.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS)-Based Wildlife Detection: A Review and Case Studies in Maritime Antarctica.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Hyun CU, Park M, Lee WY<br><font color=gray><i>Animals : an open access journal from MDPI, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>9.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Distinct gut microbiotas between southern elephant seals and Weddell seals of Antarctica.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Kim M, Cho H, Lee WY<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of microbiology (Seoul, Korea), 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>10.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>The northernmost haulout site of South American sea lions and fur seals in the western South Atlantic.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Procksch N, Grandi MF, Ott PH, Groch K, Flores PAC, Zagonel M, Crespo EA, Machado R, Pavez G, Guimarães M, Veronez M, de Oliveira LR<br><font color=gray><i>Scientific reports, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br><br><br><table cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center><tr valign=bottom><td align=center><img src=p.png border=0></td><td align=center><img src=o_red.png border=0></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Mirounga+leonina&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Mirounga+leonina&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Mirounga+leonina&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Mirounga+leonina&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Mirounga+leonina&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Mirounga+leonina&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=7><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Mirounga+leonina&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=8><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Mirounga+leonina&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=9><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Mirounga+leonina&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=10><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Mirounga+leonina&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=rtal.png border=0></a></td></tr><td align=center></td><td align=center>1</td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Mirounga+leonina&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2>2</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Mirounga+leonina&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3>3</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Mirounga+leonina&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4>4</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Mirounga+leonina&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5>5</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Mirounga+leonina&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6>6</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Mirounga+leonina&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=7>7</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Mirounga+leonina&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=8>8</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Mirounga+leonina&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=9>9</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Mirounga+leonina&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=10>10</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Mirounga+leonina&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2>»</a></td></tr></table></table></tr></table></td><script src="http://www.google-analytics.com/urchin.js" 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