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Synonyms:
   Labrus caliophthalmus 

Broader Terms:
   Labrus (wrasses) 
 
 


External Resources:



1.  Skeletal deformities in wild and farmed cleaner fish species used in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar aquaculture.LinkIT
Fjelldal PG, Madaro A, Hvas M, Stien LH, Oppedal F, Fraser TW
Journal of fish biology J. Fish Biol. Skeletal deformities in wild and farmed cleaner fish species used in Atlantic salmon Salmo salar aquaculture. 10.1111/jfb.14337 As a first attempt to assess bone health in cleaner fish production, wild and cultured ballan wrasse Labrus bergylta and lumpfish Cyclopterus lumpus were examined by radiology. In C. lumpus, wild fish (57%) had more vertebra deformities (?1 deformed vertebrae) than cultured fish (2-16%). One wild C. lumpus had lordosis and another was missing the tail fin. In L. bergylta, wild fish (11%) had fewer vertebra deformities than cultured individuals (78-91%). Among the cultured L. bergylta, 17-53% of the fish had severe vertebra deformities (?6 deformed vertebrae) with two predominate sites of location, one between vertebra 4 and 10 (S1) in the trunk, and one between 19 and 26 (S2) in the tail. Fusions dominated S1, while compressions dominated S2. Although wild L. bergylta had a low vertebra deformity level, 83% had calluses and 14% had fractures in haemal/neural spines and/or ribs. The site-specific appearance and pathology of fracture and callus in wild L. bergylta suggests these are induced by chronic mechanical stress, and a possible pathogenesis for fish hyperostosis is presented based on this notion. In conclusion, good bone health was documented in cultured C. lumpus, but cultured L. bergylta suffered poor bone health. How this affects survival, growth, swimming abilities and welfare in cultured wrasse should be further investigated. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Skeletal deformities were studied in ballan wrasse and lumpfish of both wild and cultured origin for the first time to identify potential welfare issues when deploying them as cleaner fish in salmon sea cages. While cultured lumpfish showed good bone health, cultured wrasse had a high occurrence of vertebra deformities, which is expected to impact lice eating efficiency and animal welfare negatively. These deformities are most likely induced early in development. © 2020 The Authors. Journal of Fish Biology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of The Fisheries Society of the British Isles. Fjelldal Per Gunnar PG https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9237-2706 Matre Research Station, Institute of Marine Research, Matredal, Norway. Madaro Angelico A Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway. Hvas Malthe M Matre Research Station, Institute of Marine Research, Matredal, Norway. Stien Lars Helge LH Matre Research Station, Institute of Marine Research, Matredal, Norway. Oppedal Frode F Matre Research Station, Institute of Marine Research, Matredal, Norway. Fraser Thomas Wk TW Matre Research Station, Institute of Marine Research, Matredal, Norway. eng This study was funded by the Institute of Marine Research (internal project 'Overvåking velferd', no. 14930, project leader Lars Helge Stien). Journal Article 2020 04 03 England J Fish Biol 0214055 0022-1112 IM Ballan wrasse Labrus bergylta fish welfare lumpfish Cylopterus lumpus osteomas salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis vertebral column 2019 07 29 2020 03 09 2020 03 31 2020 4 4 6 0 2020 4 4 6 0 2020 4 4 6 0 aheadofprint 32243571 10.1111/jfb.14337 REFERENCES, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>2.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Comments on "The marine teleost fishes of the Sea of Marmara; an updated and annotated checklist" by Artüz amp; Fricke (2019).</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Bilecenoglu M<br><font color=gray><i>Zootaxa, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>3.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Health assessment of the cleaner fish ballan wrasse Labrus bergylta from the British south-west coast.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>McMurtrie J, Verner-Jeffreys DW, Cochrane-Dyet T, White P, van Aerle R, Ryder D, Stone D, Green M, Feist SW, Cano I<br><font color=gray><i>Diseases of aquatic organisms, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>4.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Interannual fine-scale site fidelity of male ballan wrasse Labrus bergylta revealed by photo-identification and tagging.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Mucientes G, Irisarri J, Villegas-Ríos D<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of fish biology J. Fish Biol. Interannual fine-scale site fidelity of male ballan wrasse Labrus bergylta revealed by photo-identification and tagging. 1151-1155 10.1111/jfb.14111 The site fidelity of ballan wrasse Labrus bergylta was studied using photo-identification and external tagging. Five male individuals were observed to defend the same small territory composed of a few rocks during several reproductive seasons spanning 2 to 15?years. These results provide one of the strongest indications of long-term very fine-scale site fidelity in marine fishes. © 2019 The Fisheries Society of the British Isles. Mucientes Gonzalo G https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6650-3020 Centro de Investigacão em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, Universidade do Porto (CIBIO-InBIO), Vairão, Portugal. Departamentode Ecología y Recursos Marinos, Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas, ConsejoSuperior de Investigaciones Científicas (IIM-CSIC), Eduardo Cabello, Galicia, Spain. Ecoloxía Azul - Blue Ecology (BEC), Pontevedra, Galicia, Spain. Irisarri José J Ecoloxía Azul - Blue Ecology (BEC), Pontevedra, Galicia, Spain. Villegas-Ríos David D https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5660-5322 Departamentode Ecología y Recursos Marinos, Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas, ConsejoSuperior de Investigaciones Científicas (IIM-CSIC), Eduardo Cabello, Galicia, Spain. Ecoloxía Azul - Blue Ecology (BEC), Pontevedra, Galicia, Spain. Departamentode Ecología y Recursos Marinos. Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados (IMEDEA, CSIC-IUB), Miquel Marqués, Esporles, Illes Balears, Spain. eng European Union's Horizon 2020 793627 Marie Sklodowska-Curie Isabel Barreto human resources plan of Xunta de Galicia (Spain) Journal Article 2019 08 08 England J Fish Biol 0214055 0022-1112 IM Animals Fishes physiology Male Territoriality Time Factors Galicia Labrus bergylta ballan wrasse photo-identification site fidelity territoriality 2019 04 27 2019 07 29 2019 8 1 6 0 2020 1 11 6 0 2019 8 1 6 0 ppublish 31365123 10.1111/jfb.14111 REFERENCES, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>5.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Effects of Cholecystokinin (CCK) on Gut Motility in the Stomachless Fish Ballan Wrasse (<i>Labrus bergylta</i>).</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Le HTMD, Lie KK, Giroud-Argoud J, Rønnestad I, Sæle Ø<br><font color=gray><i>Frontiers in neuroscience, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>6.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Analysis of immunoglobulin and T cell receptor gene expression in ballan wrasse (Labrus bergylta) revealed an extraordinarily high IgM expression in the gut.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Bilal S, Lie KK, Dalum AS, Karlsen OA, Hordvik I<br><font color=gray><i>Fish & shellfish immunology, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>7.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>A continuous genome assembly of the corkwing wrasse (Symphodus melops).</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Mattingsdal M, Jentoft S, Tørresen OK, Knutsen H, Hansen MM, Robalo JI, Zagrodzka Z, André C, Gonzalez EB<br><font color=gray><i>Genomics, 2018</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>8.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Isolation of salmonid alphavirus subtype 6 from wild-caught ballan wrasse, Labrus bergylta (Ascanius).</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Ruane NM, Swords D, Morrissey T, Geary M, Hickey C, Collins EM, Geoghegan F, Swords F<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of fish diseases, 2018</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>9.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Sustainable production and use of cleaner fish for the biological control of sea lice: recent advances and current challenges.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Brooker AJ, Papadopoulou A, Gutierrez C, Rey S, Davie A, Migaud H<br><font color=gray><i>The Veterinary record, 2018</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>10.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>T Cell Receptor Alpha Chain Genes in the Teleost Ballan Wrasse <i>(Labrus bergylta)</i> Are Subjected to Somatic Hypermutation.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Bilal S, Lie KK, Sæle Ø, Hordvik I<br><font color=gray><i>Frontiers in immunology, 2018</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br><br><br><table cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center><tr valign=bottom><td align=center><img src=p.png border=0></td><td align=center><img src=o_red.png border=0></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Labrus+caliophthalmus&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Labrus+caliophthalmus&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a 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