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Synonyms:
   Embletonia fuscata 
   Tenellia fuscata 

Broader Terms:
   Embletonia 
 
 


External Resources:



1.  Recombination Between High-Risk Human Papillomaviruses and Non-Human Primate Papillomaviruses: Evidence of Ancient Host Switching Among Alphapapillomaviruses.LinkIT
Murahwa AT, Tshabalala M, Williamson AL
Journal of molecular evolution, 2020
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

2.  Extractive foraging on hard-shelled walnuts and variation of feeding techniques in wild Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata).LinkIT
Tamura M
American journal of primatology Am. J. Primatol. Extractive foraging on hard-shelled walnuts and variation of feeding techniques in wild Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata). e23130 10.1002/ajp.23130 Extractive foraging is considered a key selective pressure for the evolution of primate cognitive abilities-the extractive foraging hypothesis. Although tool-use and substrate-use are representatives of the foraging strategy, some primates engage in extractive foraging without external objects. Manual processing skills of prickly foods have been described in some species, whereas there are few studies on other type of food defenses. Here, I describe extractive foraging of hard-shelled walnuts by wild Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata), focusing on whether they accomplish the tasks only by their physical strength or require manual and/or oral processing skills to crack open the walnut shells. The study subjects comprised all members of troop B1 and three nontroop males in Kinkazan Island, Japan. Walnut feeding was observed during the main walnut seasons (September-December) when the troop visited walnut patches for 79 days in 2 years. I categorized the walnut feeding behavior into complete cracking and partial cracking. The number of times the five behavioral elements in the cracking stage occurred were counted from complete cracking. All six adult males and 11 of the 17 adult/adolescent females showed complete cracking, while the remaining females were never observed exhibiting this activity, despite their physical maturity. I observed four clearly distinguishable cracking methods during walnut feeding in the 17 subjects. The compositions of five behavioral elements were different in each method. These results suggest that walnut feeding by Japanese macaques is not only by brute force but requires the acquisition of at least one of four cracking methods for the achievement of complete cracking. In particular, females need to compensate for their physical inferiority by increasing walnut manipulations. To my knowledge, this is the first detailed description on feeding techniques in primates to overcome hard-shelled obstacles without the use of tools and even substrates. © 2020 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Tamura Masaya M http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3406-0397 Laboratory of Human Evolution Studies, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. eng 2016-B-30 Cooperation Research Program of the Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University 17J09672 Japan Society for the Promotion of Science JP17KT0058 Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Journal Article 2020 04 15 United States Am J Primatol 8108949 0275-2565 IM Japanese macaques behavioral innovation extractive foraging feeding technique hard-shelled nuts 2019 09 10 2020 03 24 2020 03 27 2020 4 17 6 0 2020 4 17 6 0 2020 4 17 6 0 ppublish 32297360 10.1002/ajp.23130 REFERENCES, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>3.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Development of an effective alternative model for in vivo hypnozoite-induced relapse infection: A Japanese macaque (Macaca fuscata) model experimentally infected with Plasmodium cynomolgi.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Kawai S, Annoura T, Araki T, Shiogama Y, Soma S, Takano JI, Sato MO, Kaneko O, Yasutomi Y, Chigusa Y<br><font color=gray><i>Parasitology international, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>4.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Anatomical study of the incisivus labii superioris and inferioris muscles in non-human primates.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Iwanaga J, Watanabe K, Kikuta S, Hirasaki E, Yamaki KI, Bohm RP, Dumont AS, Tubbs RS<br><font color=gray><i>Anatomical record (Hoboken, N.J. : 2007) Anat Rec (Hoboken) Anatomical study of the incisivus labii superioris and inferioris muscles in non-human primates. 10.1002/ar.24406 The facial muscles have significant roles for vocalization, feeding, and facial expression in both human and non-human primates. Of these, the anatomy of the incisivus labii superioris (ILS) and incisivus labii inferioris (ILI), which are considered as the accessory bundle of the orbicularis oris (OO) in humans, has rarely been documented in the literature. Our current understanding of the function of the ILS and ILI is that they probably retract the upper and lower lips. Also, there is no account of these muscles in non-human primates in the current literature. The aim of this study was to reveal the ILS and ILI in non-human primates. Five Macaca fascicularis, one Macaca fuscata, one Macaca fuscata yakui, and one Pan troglodytes were dissected. Seven formalin-fixed cadavers and one fresh cadaver were included. Both the ILS and ILI were observed in all specimens. The ILS originated from the incisive fossa of the maxilla and inserted into the OO. The mentalis (MT) and ILI arose from the incisive fossa of the mandible and inserted into the OO and the skin of the chin area. The MT and ILI in the P. troglodytes examined were thicker than in the other three non-human species, and the ILS and ILI in the three macaques were similar in shape to those of humans. The difference of these muscles may result in different functions of the lip such as during vocalization, feeding, and facial expression. © 2020 American Association for Anatomy. Iwanaga Joe J https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8502-7952 Department of Neurosurgery, Tulane Center for Clinical Neurosciences, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. Division of Gross and Clinical Anatomy, Department of Anatomy, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan. Dental and Oral Medical Center, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan. Watanabe Koichi K https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6466-4637 Division of Gross and Clinical Anatomy, Department of Anatomy, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan. Kikuta Shogo S Dental and Oral Medical Center, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan. Hirasaki Eishi E https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7849-1936 Evolutionary Morphology Section, Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University, Inuyama, Japan. Yamaki Koh-Ichi KI Division of Gross and Clinical Anatomy, Department of Anatomy, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Japan. Bohm Rudolf P RP Jr Division of Veterinary Medicine, Tulane National Primate Research Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. Dumont Aaron S AS Department of Neurosurgery, Tulane Center for Clinical Neurosciences, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. Tubbs R Shane RS Department of Neurosurgery, Tulane Center for Clinical Neurosciences, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. Department of Structural and Cellular Biology, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. Department of Anatomical Sciences, St. George's University, St. George's, Grenada. eng Journal Article 2020 05 18 United States Anat Rec (Hoboken) 101292775 1932-8486 IM anatomy cadaver facial muscles incisivus labii inferioris incisivus labii superioris mimetic muscles non-human primates 2020 01 07 2020 02 02 2020 02 08 2020 5 19 6 0 2020 5 19 6 0 2020 5 19 6 0 aheadofprint 32420698 10.1002/ar.24406 REFERENCES, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>5.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>ISOLATION AND ANTIMICROBIAL SUSCEPTIBILITIES OF NONTUBERCULOUS MYCOBACTERIA FROM WILDLIFE IN JAPAN.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Odoi JO, Ohya K, Moribe J, Takashima Y, Sawai K, Taguchi K, Fukushi H, Wada T, Yoshida S, Asai T<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of wildlife diseases, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>6.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Fake twins? Two cases of intensive allomaternal care by female Japanese macaques before and after their own partum.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Ishizuka S<br><font color=gray><i>Primates; journal of primatology, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>7.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Fermentation Ability of Gut Microbiota of Wild Japanese Macaques in the Highland and Lowland Yakushima: In Vitro Fermentation Assay and Genetic Analyses.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Hanya G, Tackmann J, Sawada A, Lee W, Pokharel SS, de Castro Maciel VG, Toge A, Kuroki K, Otsuka R, Mabuchi R, Liu J, Hatakeyama M, Yamasaki E, von Mering C, Shimizu-Inatsugi R, Hayakawa T, Shimizu KK, Ushida K<br><font color=gray><i>Microbial ecology, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>8.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Triadic grooming among adult females in a free-ranging group of Japanese macaques.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Nakamichi M, Ueno M, Yamada K<br><font color=gray><i>Primates; journal of primatology, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>9.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Food Cleaning by Japanese Macaques: Innate, Innovative or Cultural?</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Fiore AM, Cronin KA, Ross SR, Hopper LM<br><font color=gray><i>Folia primatologica; international journal of primatology, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>10.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Lectotype designations taxonomic notes and new synonymies in some species of the bee genus Centris Fabricius, 1804 described by Frederick Smith (Hymenoptera: Apidae).</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Vivallo F<br><font color=gray><i>Zootaxa, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br><br><br><table cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center><tr valign=bottom><td align=center><img src=p.png border=0></td><td align=center><img src=o_red.png border=0></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Embletonia+fuscata&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Embletonia+fuscata&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Embletonia+fuscata&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Embletonia+fuscata&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Embletonia+fuscata&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Embletonia+fuscata&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=7><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Embletonia+fuscata&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=8><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Embletonia+fuscata&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=9><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Embletonia+fuscata&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=10><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Embletonia+fuscata&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=rtal.png border=0></a></td></tr><td align=center></td><td align=center>1</td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Embletonia+fuscata&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2>2</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Embletonia+fuscata&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3>3</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Embletonia+fuscata&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4>4</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Embletonia+fuscata&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5>5</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Embletonia+fuscata&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6>6</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Embletonia+fuscata&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=7>7</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Embletonia+fuscata&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=8>8</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Embletonia+fuscata&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=9>9</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Embletonia+fuscata&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=10>10</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Embletonia+fuscata&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2>»</a></td></tr></table></table></tr></table></td><script src="http://www.google-analytics.com/urchin.js" type="text/javascript"> </script> <script type="text/javascript"> _uacct = "UA-634822-1"; 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