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Synonyms:
   Astragalus schmolliae (Schmoll's milkvetch) 

Broader Terms:
   Astragalus (milkvetch) 
   Rosales 
 
 


External Resources:

Common Names: Schmoll's milkvetch



31.  Morphological variations of the human talus investigated using three-dimensional geometric morphometrics.LinkIT
Nozaki S, Watanabe K, Kamiya T, Katayose M, Ogihara N
Clinical anatomy (New York, N.Y.) Clin Anat Morphological variations of the human talus investigated using three-dimensional geometric morphometrics. 10.1002/ca.23588 The shape of the talus determines the positional and kinematic features of the subtalar, talonavicular, and talocrural joints during walking. Thus, detailed knowledge of the pattern of sexual dimorphism of the human talus may be useful for revealing the pathogenetic mechanism of foot and knee disorders, which are more prevalent in females. The aim of this study was to characterize and visualize the three-dimensional shape variations of the talus in relation to sex and age using geometric morphometrics. Computed tomography images of 56 feet without talar injuries or disorders were used in this study. Thirty-seven anatomical landmarks were identified on a bone model of the talus to calculate principal components (PCs) of shape variations among specimens. PC scores were compared between sexes, and their correlations with age were also investigated. The female talus had a longer neck and narrower head width than the male talus. The superior trochlea was tilted more laterally in the frontal plane in females. Furthermore, the female talar head was more twisted and was more elongated in the dorsoplantar direction. Morphological features of the talus in females could alter the subtalar and talonavicular joint kinematics during walking and could be a structural factor in the pathogenetic mechanism underlying foot and knee disorders. This study contributes to the comprehensive understanding of shape variations in the human talus. © 2020 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Nozaki Shuhei S https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2719-1268 Laboratory of Human Evolutionary Biomechanics, Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. Watanabe Kota K Second Division of Physical Therapy, School of Health Sciences, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan. Kamiya Tomoaki T Department of Orthopedic Surgery, School of Medicine, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan. Center of Sports Medicine, Hokkaido Obihiro Kyokai Hospital, Obihiro, Hokkaido, Japan. Katayose Masaki M Second Division of Physical Therapy, School of Health Sciences, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan. Ogihara Naomichi N Laboratory of Human Evolutionary Biomechanics, Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan. eng Journal Article 2020 03 20 United States Clin Anat 8809128 0897-3806 IM age foot sex shape subtalar talocrural talonavicular 2020 01 18 2020 02 20 2020 03 17 2020 3 21 6 0 2020 3 21 6 0 2020 3 21 6 0 aheadofprint 32196726 10.1002/ca.23588 REFERENCES, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>32.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>A comparison between arthroscopic and open surgery for treatment outcomes of chronic lateral ankle instability accompanied by osteochondral lesions of the talus.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Xu C, Li M, Wang C, Liu H<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of orthopaedic surgery and research, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>33.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>New embryological and palaeontological evidence sheds light on the evolution of the archosauromorph ankle.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Blanco MVF, Ezcurra MD, Bona P<br><font color=gray><i>Scientific reports, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>34.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Can Syndesmosis Screws Displace the Distal Fibula?</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Vance NG, Vance RC, Chandler WT, Panchbhavi VK<br><font color=gray><i>Foot & ankle specialist, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>35.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Cycloastragenol upregulates SIRT1 expression, attenuates apoptosis and suppresses neuroinflammation after brain ischemia.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Li M, Li SC, Dou BK, Zou YX, Han HZ, Liu DX, Ke ZJ, Wang ZF<br><font color=gray><i>Acta pharmacologica Sinica, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>36.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Radiographic Sagittal Tibio-Talar Offset in Ankle Arthrodesis-Accuracy and Reliability of Measurements.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Schieder S, Nemecek E, Schuh R, Kolb A, Windhager R, Willegger M<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of clinical medicine, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>37.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Astragalus membranaceus-Derived Anti-Programmed Death-1 Monoclonal Antibodies with Immunomodulatory Therapeutic Effects against Tumors.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Chang FL, Tsai KC, Lin TY, Yang TW, Lo YN, Chen WC, Chang JH, Lu MK, Chiou CT, Chen PH, Yen Y, Pan SL, Lee YC<br><font color=gray><i>BioMed research international, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>38.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>[The clinical effect of autologous osteochondral transplantation via biplanar osteotomy for osteochondral lesions of the talus combined with subchondral cysts].</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Nijiati A, Zhou KL, Li G, Liu Y, Cao L<br><font color=gray><i>Zhonghua wai ke za zhi [Chinese journal of surgery], 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>39.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>A Phase I Study to Evaluate the Safety of the Herbal Medicine SH003 in Patients With Solid Cancer.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Cheon C, Ko SG<br><font color=gray><i>Integrative cancer therapies, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>40.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>A triplanar osteotomy technique in arthroscopy-assisted ankle mosaicplasty.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Basal O, Aslan TT<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of orthopaedic surgery (Hong Kong), 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br><br><br><table cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center><tr valign=bottom><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Astragalus+schmolliae+C.+L.+Porter&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3><img src=p.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Astragalus+schmolliae+C.+L.+Porter&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=1><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a 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