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Synonyms:
   Tetrapoda 

Broader Terms:
   Gnathostomata 
   Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) 
   Unassigned 

More Specific:
   Amniota 
   Amphibia (amphibians) 
   Osteolepidida 
   Unassigned 
 
 
Latest Articles on Tetrapoda Bach 1870 from uBioRSS


External Resources:

Common Names: tetrapods



1.  Development and evolution of the tetrapod skull-neck boundary.LinkIT
Maddin HC, Piekarski N, Reisz RR, Hanken J
Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc Development and evolution of the tetrapod skull-neck boundary. 10.1111/brv.12578 The origin and evolution of the vertebrate skull have been topics of intense study for more than two centuries. Whereas early theories of skull origin, such as the influential vertebral theory, have been largely refuted with respect to the anterior (pre-otic) region of the skull, the posterior (post-otic) region is known to be derived from the anteriormost paraxial segments, i.e. the somites. Here we review the morphology and development of the occiput in both living and extinct tetrapods, taking into account revised knowledge of skull development by augmenting historical accounts with recent data. When occipital composition is evaluated relative to its position along the neural axis, and specifically to the hypoglossal nerve complex, much of the apparent interspecific variation in the location of the skull-neck boundary stabilizes in a phylogenetically informative way. Based on this criterion, three distinct conditions are identified in (i) frogs, (ii) salamanders and caecilians, and (iii) amniotes. The position of the posteriormost occipital segment relative to the hypoglossal nerve is key to understanding the evolution of the posterior limit of the skull. By using cranial foramina as osteological proxies of the hypoglossal nerve, a survey of fossil taxa reveals the amniote condition to be present at the base of Tetrapoda. This result challenges traditional theories of cranial evolution, which posit translocation of the occiput to a more posterior location in amniotes relative to lissamphibians (frogs, salamanders, caecilians), and instead supports the largely overlooked hypothesis that the reduced occiput in lissamphibians is secondarily derived. Recent advances in our understanding of the genetic basis of axial patterning and its regulation in amniotes support the hypothesis that the lissamphibian occipital form may have arisen as the product of a homeotic shift in segment fate from an amniote-like condition. © 2020 The Authors. Biological Reviews published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Cambridge Philosophical Society. Maddin Hillary C HC https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6969-4907 Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA, 02138, U.S.A. Department of Earth Sciences, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, K1S 5B6, Canada. Piekarski Nadine N Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA, 02138, U.S.A. Reisz Robert R RR Department of Biology, University of Toronto Mississauga, 3359 Mississauga Road, Mississauga, Ontario, L5L 1C6, Canada. Hanken James J Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, 26 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA, 02138, U.S.A. eng RGPIN-04633 Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Journal Article 2020 01 07 England Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc 0414576 0006-3231 IM development homeotic transformation occiput skull skull-neck somites tetrapod 2019 05 18 2019 12 11 2019 12 12 2020 1 9 6 0 2020 1 9 6 0 2020 1 9 6 0 aheadofprint 31912655 10.1111/brv.12578 VII. 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Biological sciences, 2017</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br><br><br><table cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center><tr valign=bottom><td align=center><img src=p.png border=0></td><td align=center><img src=o_red.png border=0></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Tetrapoda+Bach+1870&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Tetrapoda+Bach+1870&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Tetrapoda+Bach+1870&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Tetrapoda+Bach+1870&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Tetrapoda+Bach+1870&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Tetrapoda+Bach+1870&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=7><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Tetrapoda+Bach+1870&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=8><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Tetrapoda+Bach+1870&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=9><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Tetrapoda+Bach+1870&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=10><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Tetrapoda+Bach+1870&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=rtal.png border=0></a></td></tr><td align=center></td><td align=center>1</td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Tetrapoda+Bach+1870&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2>2</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Tetrapoda+Bach+1870&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3>3</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Tetrapoda+Bach+1870&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4>4</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Tetrapoda+Bach+1870&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5>5</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Tetrapoda+Bach+1870&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6>6</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Tetrapoda+Bach+1870&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=7>7</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Tetrapoda+Bach+1870&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=8>8</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Tetrapoda+Bach+1870&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=9>9</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Tetrapoda+Bach+1870&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=10>10</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Tetrapoda+Bach+1870&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2>»</a></td></tr></table></table></tr></table></td><script src="http://www.google-analytics.com/urchin.js" type="text/javascript"> </script> <script type="text/javascript"> _uacct = "UA-634822-1"; urchinTracker(); </script> </BODY> </HTML>