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Synonyms:
   Leptochloa (sprangletop) 

Broader Terms:
   Cynodonteae 
   Eragrostideae 
   Leptochloa (sprangletop) 
   Poaceae (grasses) 

More Specific:
   Leptochloa acuminata 
   Leptochloa albemarlensis 
   Leptochloa albermarlensis 
   Leptochloa anoplia 
   Leptochloa appletonii 
   Leptochloa aquatica 
   Leptochloa arabica 
   Leptochloa arenaria 
   Leptochloa asthenes 
   Leptochloa attenuata 
   Leptochloa barbata 
   Leptochloa bipinnata 
   Leptochloa brachiata 
   Leptochloa brandegei 
   Leptochloa brownii 
   Leptochloa burchellii 
   Leptochloa calycina 
   Leptochloa capillacea 
   Leptochloa capillaceus 
   Leptochloa carinata 
   Leptochloa caudata 
   Leptochloa chinensis (Asian sprangletop) 
   Leptochloa chinensis aristata 
   Leptochloa chinensis chinensis 
   Leptochloa chloridiformis (Argentine sprangletop) 
   Leptochloa ciliata 
   Leptochloa ciliolata 
   Leptochloa cochleata 
   Leptochloa coerulescens 
   Leptochloa contracta 
   Leptochloa coromandelina 
   Leptochloa cynosuroides 
   Leptochloa debilis 
   Leptochloa decipiens (Australian sprangletop) 
   Leptochloa decipiens asthenes 
   Leptochloa decipiens decipiens 
   Leptochloa decipiens peacockii (peacock sprangletop) 
   Leptochloa digitaria 
   Leptochloa digitata (finger sprangletop) 
   Leptochloa digitatiformis 
   Leptochloa divaricatissima (spreading sprangletop) 
   Leptochloa domingensis 
   Leptochloa dubia (green spangletop) 
   Leptochloa dubia dubia 
   Leptochloa dubia humboldtiana 
   Leptochloa dubia patens 
   Leptochloa dubia pringleana 
   Leptochloa eleusine 
   Leptochloa eragrostoides 
   Leptochloa falcata 
   Leptochloa fascicularis (sprangletop) 
   Leptochloa fascicularis acuminata 
   Leptochloa fascicularis fascicularis (bearded sprangletop) 
   Leptochloa fascicularis maritima (bearded sprangletop) 
   Leptochloa filiformis 
   Leptochloa filiformis attenuata 
   Leptochloa filiformis filiformis 
   Leptochloa filiformis humilior 
   Leptochloa filiformis pulchella 
   Leptochloa filiformis remota 
   Leptochloa floribunda 
   Leptochloa fusca (Malabar sprangletop) 
   Leptochloa fusca fascicularis (bearded sprangletop) 
   Leptochloa fusca fusca 
   Leptochloa fusca muelleri 
   Leptochloa fusca uninervia (Mexican sprangletop) 
   Leptochloa gigantea 
   Leptochloa ginae 
   Leptochloa gracilis 
   Leptochloa grandiglumis 
   Leptochloa halei 
   Leptochloa hirta 
   Leptochloa hookeri 
   Leptochloa humilis 
   Leptochloa imbricata 
... 
 
Latest Articles on Leptochloa from uBioRSS
Physiological response of halophytes to multiple stresses - Functional Plant Biology
Japanese Foxtail (Alopecurus japonicus) Resistance to Fenoxaprop and Pinoxa... - BioOne: Weed Science


Leptochloa chinensis
ForestryImages.org

External Resources:

Common Names: sprangletop



1.  Synthesis and herbicidal activity against barnyard grass of novel diarylmethanone O-(2,6-bis((4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)oxy)benzoyl)oximes.LinkIT
Xiang L, Zhang L, Wu Q, Xu Z, Li J, Du X, Qin Z
Pest management science Pest Manag. Sci. Synthesis and herbicidal activity against barnyard grass of novel diarylmethanone O-(2,6-bis((4,6-dimethoxypyrimidin-2-yl)oxy)benzoyl)oximes. 10.1002/ps.5741 Pyribenzoxim is an excellent herbicide that can effectively control barnyard grass. However, there are few reports of its structural analogs and structure-activity relationship (SAR), which makes pyribenzoxim an isolated case. Here, a series of diarylmethanone oxime esters characterized by pyridine heterocycles were designed and synthesized for herbicidal screening and SAR investigation against barnyard grass. At greenhouse treatment concentrations of 1.17-37.5 ?g?mL-1 , the title compounds showed a positive dose-toxicity correlation toward barnyard grass plants, with the damage becoming progressively more serious over time. At a concentration of 18.75??g?mL-1 and above, obvious damage was observed in 3?days, most plants died in 7?days, and all died in 14?days. Different degrees of damage were also seen when the concentration was lower than 9.38??g?mL-1 . The selected compounds 5-20 and 5-21 showed excellent control against Echinochloa crusgalli (L.) Beauv., Leptochloa chinensis (L.) Nees, Cyperus difformis L. and Lindernia procumbens (Krock.) Philcox in paddy fields, which was slightly better than that of pyribenzoxim. SAR analysis of greenhouse data revealed that the type and position of substituents on aromatic rings greatly influenced the activity of the compounds, although log P values showed no obvious correlation with activity. Combined with compounds 5-20 and 5-21, which showed moderate and excellent activity in greenhouse experiments, and excellent activity in controlling barnyard grass in the field, we conclude that pyribenzoxim analogs probably act as prodrugs, and this could be a focus of attention in future studies on structural optimization of the herbicide. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry. Xiang Lanxiang L College of Agriculture, Yangtze University, Jinzhou, China. Zhang Lei L Department of Applied Chemistry, College of Science, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China. Wu Qinglai Q https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6209-7798 College of Agriculture, Yangtze University, Jinzhou, China. Xu Zhihong Z College of Agriculture, Yangtze University, Jinzhou, China. Li Junkai J College of Agriculture, Yangtze University, Jinzhou, China. Du Xiaoying X College of Agriculture, Yangtze University, Jinzhou, China. Qin Zhaohai Z https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7516-2432 College of Agriculture, Yangtze University, Jinzhou, China. Department of Applied Chemistry, College of Science, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China. eng 2018YFD0200103 the National Key R&D Program of China Journal Article 2020 01 13 England Pest Manag Sci 100898744 1526-498X IM PYB herbicides aryl pyridine methanone oximes herbicidal activity pyribenzoxim analogs 2019 10 04 2019 12 24 2020 01 13 2020 1 17 6 0 2020 1 17 6 0 2020 1 17 6 0 aheadofprint 31943725 10.1002/ps.5741 REFERENCES, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>2.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Mechanism of clomazone resistance in <b>Leptochloa</b> fusca spp. fasicularis to clomazone.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Driver KE, Brunharo CACG, Al-Khatib K<br><font color=gray><i>Pesticide biochemistry and physiology, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>3.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Management of Glyphosate-Resistant Weeds in Mexican Citrus Groves: Chemical Alternatives and Economic Viability.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Alcántara-de la Cruz R, Domínguez-Martínez PA, da Silveira HM, Cruz-Hipólito HE, Palma-Bautista C, Vázquez-García JG, Domínguez-Valenzuela JA, De Prado R<br><font color=gray><i>Plants (Basel, Switzerland), 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>4.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Molecular basis of resistance to ACCase-inhibiting herbicide cyhalofop-butyl in Chinese sprangletop (<b>Leptochloa</b> chinensis (L.) Nees) from China.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Deng W, Cai J, Zhang J, Chen Y, Chen Y, Di Y, Yuan S<br><font color=gray><i>Pesticide biochemistry and physiology, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>5.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Enhancement of oil field-produced wastewater remediation by bacterially-augmented floating treatment wetlands.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Rehman K, Imran A, Amin I, Afzal M<br><font color=gray><i>Chemosphere, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>6.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Phytoremediative potential of salt-tolerant grass species for cadmium and lead under contaminated nutrient solution.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Ullah S, Mahmood T, Iqbal Z, Naeem A, Ali R, Mahmood S<br><font color=gray><i>International journal of phytoremediation, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>7.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Larvicidal activity of some medicinal plant extracts against filariasis fever mosquito, Culex quinquefasciatus (Say.) (Diptera: Culicidae).</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Johnson M, Maharaja P, Murugesan S, Janakiraman N, Menezes IRA, da Costa JGM, Barbosa CRS, Coutinho HDM<br><font color=gray><i>Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases, 2018</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>8.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Integrated perspectives on the use of bacterial endophytes in horizontal flow constructed wetlands for the treatment of liquid textile effluent: Phytoremediation advances in the field.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Hussain Z, Arslan M, Malik MH, Mohsin M, Iqbal S, Afzal M<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of environmental management, 2018</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>9.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Successful phytoremediation of crude-oil contaminated soil at an oil exploration and production company by plants-bacterial synergism.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Fatima K, Imran A, Amin I, Khan QM, Afzal M<br><font color=gray><i>International journal of phytoremediation, 2018</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>10.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Evaluation of weed control efficacy and crop safety of the new HPPD-inhibiting herbicide-QYR301.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Wang H, Liu W, Zhao K, Yu H, Zhang J, Wang J<br><font color=gray><i>Scientific reports, 2018</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br><br><br><table cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center><tr valign=bottom><td align=center><img src=p.png border=0></td><td align=center><img src=o_red.png border=0></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Leptochloa&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Leptochloa&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Leptochloa&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Leptochloa&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Leptochloa&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=rtal.png border=0></a></td></tr><td align=center></td><td align=center>1</td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Leptochloa&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2>2</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Leptochloa&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3>3</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Leptochloa&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4>4</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Leptochloa&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5>5</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Leptochloa&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2>»</a></td></tr></table></table></tr></table></td><script src="http://www.google-analytics.com/urchin.js" type="text/javascript"> </script> <script type="text/javascript"> _uacct = "UA-634822-1"; urchinTracker(); </script> </BODY> </HTML>