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Scientific:
   Cephalopholis leopardus (Leopard grouper) 
   Mycteroperca rosacea (Leopard grouper) 
   Plectropomus leopardus (Leopard coral grouper) 

Synonyms:
   Cephalopholis leoparda 
   Cephalopholis leopardus (leopard hind) 
   Cephalopholis sexmaculata (Six-blotch rockcod) 
   Epinephelus rosacea 
   Labrus leopardus 
   Mycteroperca rosacea (Golden grouper) 
   Plectropoma pessuliferum 
   Plectropomus pessulifer 
   Plectropomus pessuliferus (Violet coral trout) 

Broader Terms:
   Cephalopholis 
   Epinephelus (groupers) 
   Leopard 
   Mycteroperca 
   Perciformes (perch-like fishes) 
   Plectropoma 
   Plectropomus 
 
 
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External Resources:



1.  Critical Review and Conceptual and Quantitative Models for the Transfer and Depuration of Ciguatoxins in Fishes.LinkIT
Holmes MJ, Venables B, Lewis RJ
Toxins, 2021
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

2.  Minimum size limits and the reproductive value of numerous, young, mature female fish.LinkIT
Lavin CP, Jones GP, Williamson DH, Harrison HB
Proceedings. Biological sciences, 2021
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

3.  Direct and indirect effects of heatwaves on a coral reef fishery.LinkIT
Brown CJ, Mellin C, Edgar GJ, Campbell MD, Stuart-Smith RD
Global change biologyGlob Chang BiolDirect and indirect effects of heatwaves on a coral reef fishery.1214-122510.1111/gcb.15472Marine heatwaves are increasing in frequency and intensity, and indirectly impacting coral reef fisheries through bleaching-induced degradation of live coral habitats. Marine heatwaves also affect fish metabolism and catchability, but such direct effects of elevated temperatures on reef fisheries are largely unknown. We investigated direct and indirect effects of the devastating 2016 marine heatwave on the largest reef fishery operating along the Great Barrier Reef (GBR). We used a combination of fishery-independent underwater census data on coral trout biomass (Plectropomus and Variola spp.) and catch-per-unit-effort (CPUE) data from the commercial fishery to evaluate changes in the fishery resulting from the 2016 heatwave. The heatwave caused widespread, yet locally patchy, declines in coral cover, but we observed little effect of local coral loss on coral trout biomass. Instead, a pattern of decreasing biomass at northern sites and stable or increasing biomass at southern sites suggested a direct response of populations to the heatwave. Analysis of the fishery-independent data and CPUE found that in-water coral trout biomass estimates were positively related to CPUE, and that coral trout catch rates increased with warmer temperatures. Temperature effects on catch rates were consistent with the thermal affinities of the multiple species contributing to this fishery. Scaling-up the effect of temperature on coral trout catch rates across the region suggests that GBR-wide catches were 18% higher for a given level of effort during the heatwave year relative to catch rates under the mean temperatures in the preceding 6 years. These results highlight a potentially large effect of heatwaves on catch rates of reef fishes, independent of changes in reef habitats, that can add substantial uncertainty to estimates of stock trends inferred from fishery-dependent (CPUE) data. Overestimation of CPUE could initiate declines in reef fisheries that are currently fully exploited, and threaten sustainable management of reef stocks.© 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.BrownChristopher JCJhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7271-4091Australian Rivers Institute - Coasts and Estuaries, School of Environment and Science, Griffith University, Nathan, Qld, Australia.MellinCamilleChttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-7369-2349Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tas., Australia.The Environment Institute and School of Biological Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia.EdgarGraham JGJInstitute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tas., Australia.CampbellMax DMDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2860-1580Australian Rivers Institute - Coasts and Estuaries, School of Environment and Science, Griffith University, Nathan, Qld, Australia.Stuart-SmithRick DRDInstitute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tas., Australia.engParks AustraliaIan Potter FoundationDE160101207Australian Research CouncilJournal Article20201219EnglandGlob Chang Biol98887461354-1013IMAnimalsAnthozoaConservation of Natural ResourcesCoral ReefsEcosystemFisheriesFishesSeafoodBayesian modellingcatchabilityclimate changecoral bleachingcoral reef fisherycoral troutheatwave202007262020110420201117202012206020214226020201219835ppublish3334021610.1111/gcb.15472REFERENCES, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>4.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Nutritional value and bioaccumulation of heavy metals in muscle tissues of five commercially important marine fish species from the Red Sea.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Younis EM, Abdel-Warith AA, Al-Asgah NA, Elthebite SA, Mostafizur Rahman M<br><font color=gray><i>Saudi journal of biological sciences, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>5.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Dietary Trivalent Chromium Exposure Up-Regulates Lipid Metabolism in Coral Trout: The Evidence From Transcriptome Analysis.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Wei L, Li Y, Ye H, Xiao J, Hogstrand C, Green I, Guo Z, Han D<br><font color=gray><i>Frontiers in physiology, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>6.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Spatial and temporal genetic variation in an exploited reef fish: The effects of exploitation on cohort genetic structure.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Taboun ZS, Walter RP, Ovenden JR, Heath DD<br><font color=gray><i>Evolutionary applications, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>7.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Molecular evidence and morphological aspects of <i>Transversotrema licinum, Phyllodistomum hoggettae,</i> and re-description of <i>Gyliauchen volubilis</i> (Digenea) from the Red Sea.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Al-Ghamdi A, Morsy K, Dajem S, Shati A, Al-Kahtani M, Baiomy A, Ezzat A<br><font color=gray><i>Veterinary research forum : an international quarterly journal, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>8.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>A connectivity portfolio effect stabilizes marine reserve performance.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Harrison HB, Bode M, Williamson DH, Berumen ML, Jones GP<br><font color=gray><i>Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>9.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Comparative demography of commercially important species of coral grouper, Plectropomus leopardus and P. laevis, from Australia's great barrier reef and Coral Sea marine parks.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Payet SD, Lowe JR, Mapstone BD, Pratchett MS, Sinclair-Taylor TH, Taylor BM, Waldie PA, Harrison HB<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of fish biologyJ Fish BiolComparative demography of commercially important species of coral grouper, Plectropomus leopardus and P. laevis, from Australia's great barrier reef and Coral Sea marine parks.1165-117610.1111/jfb.14491Understanding the spatial and environmental variation in demographic processes of fisheries target species, such as coral grouper (Genus: Plectropomus), is important for establishing effective management and conservation strategies. Herein we compare the demography of Plectropomus leopardus and P. laevis between Australia's Great Barrier Reef Marine Park (GBRMP), which has been subject to sustained and extensive fishing pressure, and the oceanic atolls of Australia's Coral Sea Marine Park (CSMP), where there is very limited fishing for reef fishes. Coral grouper length-at-age data from contemporary and historical otolith collections across 9.4 degrees of latitude showed little difference in lifetime growth between GBRMP and CSMP regions. Plectropomus laevis populations in GBRMP reefs had significantly higher rates of total mortality than populations in the CSMP. Mean maximum lengths and mean maximum ages of P. laevis were also smaller in the GBRMP than in the CSMP, even when considering populations sampled within GBRMP no-take marine reserves (NTMRs). Plectropomus leopardus, individuals were on average smaller on fished reefs than NTMRs in the GBRMP, but all other aspects of demography were broadly similar between regions despite the negligible levels of fishing pressure in the CSMP. Similarities between regions in growth profiles and length-at-age comparisons of P. laevis and P. leopardus suggest that the environmental differences between the CSMP and the GBRMP may not have significant impacts on lifetime growth. Our results show that fishing may have influenced the demography of coral grouper on the GBR, particularly for the slower growing and longer lived species, P. laevis.© 2020 Fisheries Society of the British Isles.PayetSamuel DSDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2466-4237Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.LoweJake RJRAustralian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.College of Science and Engineering, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.MapstoneBruce DBDSandy Bay, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.PratchettMorgan SMSAustralian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.Sinclair-TaylorTane HTHAustralian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.TaylorBrett MBMAustralian Institute of Marine Science, Indian Ocean Marine Research Centre, The University of Western Australia (M096), Crawley, Western Australia, Australia.WaldiePeter APAThe Nature Conservancy Asia Pacific Resource Centre, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.HarrisonHugo BHBAustralian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.engThis research was funded by an ARC Discovery Early Career Research Award to H.B.H. (DE160101141) and the Director of National Parks, Australia. Funding was also provided by the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation (Projects 1996 -138, 1997 -124, 1998 -131, 2018 -034) and the Cooperative Research Centre for the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area (CRC Reef) at James Cook University. S.D.P. and J.R.L. were supported by James Cook University Postgraduate Research Scholarships. Funding for the ELF experiment was provided by the CRC Reef Research Centre, the Fisheries Research and Development Corporation, the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, and James Cook University.DE160101141ARC Discovery Early Career Research Award to H.B.H.Fisheries Research and Development Corporation (Projects 1996 -138, 1997 -124, 1998 -131, 2018 -034)Cooperative Research Centre for the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area (CRC Reef) at James Cook UniversityJames Cook University Postgraduate Research ScholarshipsCRC Reef Research CentreJournal Article20200901EnglandJ Fish Biol02140550022-1112IMAnimalsAustraliaBassclassificationgrowth & developmentConservation of Natural ResourcesCoral ReefsDemographyFisheriesstatistics & numerical dataOceans and SeasCoral SeaPlectropomuscoral grouperdemographygreat barrier reefmarine reserve20200331202008042020080820208146020212360202081460ppublish3278593010.1111/jfb.14491REFERENCES, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>10.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Chromosome Genome Assembly of the Leopard Coral Grouper (<i>Plectropomus leopardus</i>) With Nanopore and Hi-C Sequencing Data.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Wang Y, Wen X, Zhang X, Fu S, Liu J, Tan W, Luo M, Liu L, Huang H, You X, Luo J, Chen F<br><font color=gray><i>Frontiers in genetics, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br><br><br><table cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center><tr valign=bottom><td align=center><img src=p.png border=0></td><td align=center><img src=o_red.png border=0></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Leopard+grouper&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Leopard+grouper&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Leopard+grouper&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Leopard+grouper&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Leopard+grouper&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a 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