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Synonyms:
   Holothuroidea (sea cucumbers) 

Broader Terms:
   Cryptosyringida 
   Echinodermata (echinoderms) 
   Echinozoa 
   Holothuroidea (sea cucumbers) 

More Specific:
   Apodacea 
   Apodida 
   Aspidochirotacea 
   Aspidochirotida 
   Dendrochirotacea 
   Dendrochirotida 
   Elasipodida 
   Molpadiida 
 
 
Latest Articles on Holothuroidea De Blainville, 1834 from uBioRSS
The cost of being valuable: predictors of extinction risk in marine inverte... - PubMed: species
Molpadia diploa Heding, 1935 - WoRMS latest additions


Holothuroidea
Guiamarina

External Resources:

Common Names: holotúria, sea cucumbers, cocombres de mer, holotúria, pepino do mar, holothurians



1.  Effects of chronic prometryn exposure on antioxidative status, intestinal morphology, and microbiota in sea cucumber (Apostichopus japonicus).LinkIT
Zeng F, Wu L, Ren X, Xu B, Cui S, Li M, Chen W, Han Y, Ren T
Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Toxicology & pharmacology : CBP, 2021
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

2.  Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 1 is involved in ROS-mediated inflammation via regulating matrix metalloproteinase 1 expression in the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus.LinkIT
Lv Z, Han G, Li C
Developmental and comparative immunology, 2021
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

3.  Sophistication in a seemingly simple creature: a review of wild holothurian nutrition in marine ecosystems.LinkIT
Pierrat J, Bédier A, Eeckhaut I, Magalon H, Frouin P
Biological reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical SocietyBiol Rev Camb Philos SocSophistication in a seemingly simple creature: a review of wild holothurian nutrition in marine ecosystems.10.1111/brv.12799Holothurians are marine invertebrates that are among the most widespread benthic megafauna communities by both biomass and abundance in shallow-water and deep-sea ecosystems, their functions supporting important ecological services worldwide. Despite their simple appearance as sea cucumbers, holothurians show a wide range of feeding practices. However, information on what and how these animals eat is scattered and potentially confusing. We provide a comprehensive review of holothurian nutrition in coastal and deep-sea ecosystems. First, we describe morphological aspects of holothurian feeding and the ultrastructure of tentacles. We discuss the two processes for food capture, concluding that mucus adhesion is likely the main method; two mucous cells, type-1 and type-2, possibly allow the adhesion and de-adhesion, respectively, of food particles. Secondly, this review aims to clarify behavioural aspects of holothurian suspension- and deposit-feeding. We discuss the daily feeding cycle, and selective feeding strategies. We conclude that there is selectivity for fine and organically rich particles, and that feeding through the cloaca is also a route for nutrient absorption. Third, we provide a wide description of the diet of holothurians, which can be split into two categories: living and non-living material. We suggest that Synallactida, Molpadida, Persiculida, Holothuriida and Elasipodida, ingest the same fractions, and emphasise the importance of bacteria in the diet of holothurians.© 2021 The Authors. Biological Reviews published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Cambridge Philosophical Society.PierratJoséphineJhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4627-9823UMR ENTROPIE (IRD, CNRS, Univ. Reunion, Ifremer, Univ. New Caledonia), University of La Réunion, St-Denis, 97 400, France.BédierAlexandreANutrima Production, Le Port, 97 420, France.EeckhautIgorIBiology of Marine Organisms and Biomimetism Lab, University of Mons, Mons, 7000, Belgium.MagalonHélèneHUMR ENTROPIE (IRD, CNRS, Univ. Reunion, Ifremer, Univ. New Caledonia), University of La Réunion, St-Denis, 97 400, France.Labex Corail, Perpignan, 66 000, France.FrouinPatrickPUMR ENTROPIE (IRD, CNRS, Univ. Reunion, Ifremer, Univ. New Caledonia), University of La Réunion, St-Denis, 97 400, France.Labex Corail, Perpignan, 66 000, France.engEuropean UnionFonds européen de développement régionalJournal Article20211013EnglandBiol Rev Camb Philos Soc04145760006-3231IMbud epidermisdietaryholothuriansmucous cellplastic particlesproteobacteriaselective feedingtentacle ultrastructuretrophic mode2021091520201024202109202021101465720211015602021101560aheadofprint3464740110.1111/brv.12799REFERENCES, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>4.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>A new subfamily of ionotropic glutamate receptors unique to the echinoderms with putative sensory role.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Sania RE, Cardoso JCR, Louro B, Marquet N, Canário AVM<br><font color=gray><i>Molecular ecologyMol EcolA new subfamily of ionotropic glutamate receptors unique to the echinoderms with putative sensory role.10.1111/mec.16206Chemosensation is a critical signalling process in animals and especially important in sea cucumbers, a group of ecologically and economically important marine echinoderms (class Holothuroidea), which lack audio and visual organs and rely on chemical sensing for survival, feeding and reproduction. The ionotropic receptors are a recently identified family of chemosensory receptors in insects and other protostomes, related to the ionotropic glutamate receptor family (iGluR), a large family of membrane receptors in metazoan. Here we characterize the echinoderm iGluR subunits and consider their possible role in chemical communication in sea cucumbers. Sequence similarity searches revealed that sea cucumbers have in general a higher number of iGluR subunits when compared to other echinoderms. Phylogenetic analysis and sequence comparisons revealed GluH as a specific iGluR subfamily present in all echinoderms. Homologues of the vertebrate GluA (aka ?-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid, AMPA), GluK (aka kainate) and GluD (aka delta) were also identified. The GluN (aka N-methyl-d-aspartate, NMDA) as well as the invertebrate deuterostome subfamily GluF (aka phi) are absent in echinoderms. The echinoderm GluH subfamily shares conserved structural protein organization with vertebrate iGluRs and the ligand binding domain (LBD) is the most conserved region; genome analysis indicates evolution via lineage and species-specific tandem gene duplications. GluH genes (named Grih) are the most highly expressed iGluRs subunit genes in tissues in the sea cucumber Holothuria arguinesis, with Griha1, Griha2 and Griha5 exclusively expressed in tentacles, making them candidates to have a chemosensory role in this species. The multiple GluH subunits may provide alternative receptor assembly combinations, thus expanding the functional possibilities and widening the range of compounds detected during aggregation and spawning in echinoderms.© 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.SaniaRubaiyat ERECCMAR/CIMAR LA, Centro de Ciências do Mar do Algarve, Universidade do Algarve, Faro, Portugal.CardosoJoão C RJCRCCMAR/CIMAR LA, Centro de Ciências do Mar do Algarve, Universidade do Algarve, Faro, Portugal.LouroBrunoBCCMAR/CIMAR LA, Centro de Ciências do Mar do Algarve, Universidade do Algarve, Faro, Portugal.MarquetNathalieNCCMAR/CIMAR LA, Centro de Ciências do Mar do Algarve, Universidade do Algarve, Faro, Portugal.CanárioAdelino V MAVMhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-6244-6468CCMAR/CIMAR LA, Centro de Ciências do Mar do Algarve, Universidade do Algarve, Faro, Portugal.engUIDB/04326/2020Fundação para a Ciência e a TecnologiaJournal Article20211003EnglandMol Ecol92144780962-1083IMchemosensory receptorsechinodermsionotropic glutamate receptorsphylogenysea cucumber20210921202104192021092820211046020211046020211032114aheadofprint3460178110.1111/mec.16206REFERENCES, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>5.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Gut microbiota response to sulfated sea cucumber polysaccharides in a differential manner using an in vitro fermentation model.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Liu Z, Zhang Y, Ai C, Wen C, Dong X, Sun X, Cao C, Zhang X, Zhu B, Song S<br><font color=gray><i>Food research international (Ottawa, Ont.), 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>6.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Classifying domain-specific text documents containing ambiguous keywords.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Karimi K, Agalakov S, Telmer CA, Beatman TR, Pells TJ, Arshinoff BI, Ku CJ, Foley S, Hinman VF, Ettensohn CA, Vize PD<br><font color=gray><i>Database : the journal of biological databases and curation, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>7.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Very Stable Two Mega Dalton High-Molecular-Mass Multiprotein Complex from Sea Cucumber <i>Eupentacta fraudatrix</i>.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Timofeeva AM, Kostrikina IA, Dmitrenok PS, Soboleva SE, Nevinsky GA<br><font color=gray><i>Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>8.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Characterization of the complete mitochondrial genome of <i>Thyonella gemmata</i> (Echinodermata: Cucumariidae).</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Figueroa AC, McHugh WJ, Miller SM, Fellgren AK, Bogantes VE, Janosik AM<br><font color=gray><i>Mitochondrial DNA. Part B, Resources, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>9.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Reef benthos of Seychelles - A field guide.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Fassbender N, Stefanoudis PV, Filander ZN, Gendron G, Mah CL, Mattio L, Mortimer JA, Moura CJ, Samaai T, Samimi-Namin K, Wagner D, Walton R, Woodall LC<br><font color=gray><i>Biodiversity data journal, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>10.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Existence of microplastics in the edible part of the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Mohsen M, Lin C, Liu S, Yang H<br><font color=gray><i>Chemosphere, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br><br><br><table cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center><tr valign=bottom><td align=center><img src=p.png border=0></td><td align=center><img src=o_red.png border=0></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Holothuroidea+De+Blainville%2C+1834&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img 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