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1.  Skull osteology and osteological phylogeny of the Western whip snake Hierophis viridiflavus (Squamata, Colubridae).LinkIT
Racca L, Villa A, Wencker LCM, Camaiti M, Blain HA, Delfino M
Journal of morphologyJ MorpholSkull osteology and osteological phylogeny of the Western whip snake Hierophis viridiflavus (Squamata, Colubridae).808-83310.1002/jmor.21148The skull osteology of Hierophis viridiflavus is here described and figured in detail on the basis of 18 specimens. The sample includes specimens from the ranges of both H. viridiflavus viridiflavus and H. viridiflavus carbonarius as well as specimens not identified at sub-specific level. The main characters that define H. viridiflavus in comparison to the parapatric congeneric species Hierophis gemonensis are wide maxillary diastema, basioccipital crest well distinct in three lobes and basioccipital process well marked. The foramina of the otoccipital and prootic, and the basioccipital process of the basioccipital are among the most ontogenetically variable characters, as indicated by two juvenile specimens included in the sample. A specimen-level phylogenetic analysis including H. gemonensis and other outgroups (overall 6 species, 26 specimens, 64 skull characters) recovered all H. viridiflavus specimens in one clade, indicating the presence of a clear phylogenetic signal in the applied characters. However, the resolution within the H. viridiflavus clade is poor the monophyly of H. viridiflavus carbonarius was retrieved, but not that of Hierophis v. viridiflavus. Probably due to the relatively high variability, the skull morphology does not support the recently proposed specific status of the two subspecies.© 2020 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.RaccaLucaL0000-0001-9040-4671Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy.VillaAndreaA0000-0001-6544-5201Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy.Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie, Munich, Germany.WenckerLukardis C MLCM0000-0002-5293-3668Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy.CamaitiMarcoM0000-0002-7388-4586Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy.School of Biological Sciences, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.BlainHugues-AlexandreHA0000-0002-9920-2707Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain.DelfinoMassimoM0000-0001-7836-7265Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy.Institut Català de Paleontologia Miquel Crusafont, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.engJournal ArticleResearch Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tResearch Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.20200525United StatesJ Morphol04061250022-2887IMAnimalsColubridaeanatomy & histologyOsteologyPhylogenySkullanatomy & histologydiagnostic imagingTomography, X-Ray Computedintraspecific variationontogenetic variationspecimen-level phylogeny2020033120200504202005082020526602020121560202052660ppublish3244981210.1002/jmor.21148REFERENCES, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>2.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Parasite assemblages in the Western whip snake Hierophis viridiflavus carbonarius (Colubridae) from southern Italy.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Santoro M, Aznar FJ, Mattiucci S, Kinsella JM, Pellegrino F, Cipriani P, Nascetti G<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of helminthology, 2013</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>3.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Thermal strategies and energetics in two sympatric colubrid snakes with contrasted exposure.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Lelièvre H, Le Hénanff M, Blouin-Demers G, Naulleau G, Lourdais O<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of comparative physiology. B, Biochemical, systemic, and environmental physiology, 2010</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br></table></tr></table></td><script src="http://www.google-analytics.com/urchin.js" type="text/javascript"> </script> <script type="text/javascript"> _uacct = "UA-634822-1"; urchinTracker(); </script> </BODY> </HTML>