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Synonyms:
   Ensete 

Broader Terms:
   Ensete 
   Musaceae 

More Specific:
   Ensete agharkarii 
   Ensete glaucum 
   Ensete homblei 
   Ensete livingstonianum 
   Ensete perrieri 
   Ensete superbum 
   Ensete ventricosum (Abyssinian banana) 
   Ensete wilsonii 
 
 


External Resources:

Common Names: ensete



1.  Phenolic content and anti-oxidative attributes of various parts of wild banana (Ensete superbum Roxb. Cheesman) plant.LinkIT
Mathew NS, Negi PS
Journal of food biochemistry J Food Biochem Phenolic content and anti-oxidative attributes of various parts of wild banana (Ensete superbum Roxb. Cheesman) plant. e13657 10.1111/jfbc.13657 Ensete superbum Roxb. Cheesman (wild banana) is used as therapeutic edible by various ethnic groups around the world. The antioxidant potential of ethanolic, methanolic, and aqueous extracts of E. superbum ripe peel, seed, flower, and bract was tested using in vitro and ex vivo models, and their polyphenolic constituents were determined by RP-HPLC and LC/MS-ESI-TOF. E. superbum extracts were rich in anthocyanins, flavonols, flavone, biflavonoid, and phenolic acid derivatives. The Partial Least Square Regression analysis highlighted the contribution of individual phenolics toward the antioxidant activity. Bract aqueous extract demonstrated best antioxidant activity in DPPH radical scavenging activity assay (IC50 of 21.97 ?g/ml), Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity assay (207.97 µM TE/g) with highest Antioxidant Activity Index (1.79), and showed the highest cellular antioxidant activity (67.02 µM quercetin equivalents/g) in Caco2 cells. These findings highlight the potential of E. superbum as valuable source of natural antioxidants, which can be used as pharmaceutical and functional food ingredient. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Wild banana has been used as a medicinal plant for ages throughout the world. However, the systematic analysis of its constituents and their beneficial effect is lacking. Our approach to search the effective plant part showed that the bioactive ingredients are concentrated in aqueous extracts of bracts. This study provides a basis for the antioxidant mechanisms of various wild banana plant parts, and will promote the utilization of an under-utilized wild edible plant. © 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC. Mathew Nimisha Sarah NS Fruit and Vegetable Technology Department, CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, India. Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad, India. Negi Pradeep Singh PS https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0458-6294 Fruit and Vegetable Technology Department, CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, India. Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad, India. eng Journal Article 2021 02 19 United States J Food Biochem 7706045 0145-8884 IM DPPH ORAC antioxidant cellular antioxidant activity phenolics wild banana 2020 11 01 2021 01 09 2021 01 31 2021 2 19 8 41 2021 2 20 6 0 2021 2 20 6 0 aheadofprint 33605478 10.1111/jfbc.13657 REFERENCES, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>2.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Micronutrient composition and microbial community analysis across diverse landraces of the Ethiopian orphan crop enset.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Tamrat S, Borrell JS, Biswas MK, Gashu D, Wondimu T, Vásquez-Londoño CA, Heslop-Harrison PJS, Demissew S, Wilkin P, Howes MR<br><font color=gray><i>Food research international (Ottawa, Ont.), 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>3.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Accumulation of mutations in genes associated with sexual reproduction contributed to the domestication of a vegetatively propagated staple crop, enset.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Tesfamicael KG, Gebre E, March TJ, Sznajder B, Mather DE, Rodríguez López CM<br><font color=gray><i>Horticulture research, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>4.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>The landscape of microsatellites in the enset (Ensete ventricosum) genome and web-based marker resource development.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Biswas MK, Darbar JN, Borrell JS, Bagchi M, Biswas D, Nuraga GW, Demissew S, Wilkin P, Schwarzacher T, Heslop-Harrison JS<br><font color=gray><i>Scientific reports, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>5.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Mitigating the anti-nutritional effect of polyphenols on in vitro digestibility and fermentation characteristics of browse species in north western Ethiopia.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Mekuriaw S, Tsunekawa A, Ichinohe T, Tegegne F, Haregeweyn N, Nobuyuki K, Tassew A, Mekuriaw Y, Walie M, Tsubo M, Okuro T<br><font color=gray><i>Tropical animal health and production, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>6.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Preparation, Optimization, and Evaluation of Epichlorohydrin Cross-Linked Enset (<i>Ensete ventricosum (Welw.) Cheeseman</i>) Starch as Drug Release Sustaining Excipient in Microsphere Formulation.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Tesfay D, Abrha S, Yilma Z, Woldu G, Molla F<br><font color=gray><i>BioMed research international, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>7.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title><i>Ensete ventricosum</i>: A Multipurpose Crop against Hunger in Ethiopia.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Yemata G<br><font color=gray><i>TheScientificWorldJournal, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>8.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>A simple and rapid protocol for the genetic transformation of <i>Ensete ventricosum</i>.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Matheka J, Tripathi JN, Merga I, Gebre E, Tripathi L<br><font color=gray><i>Plant methods, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>9.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Endophytic fungal diversity isolated from different agro-ecosystem of Enset (Ensete ventericosum) in Gedeo zone, SNNPRS, Ethiopia.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Chauhan NM, Gutama AD, Aysa A<br><font color=gray><i>BMC microbiology, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>10.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Selection and characterisation of the predominant <i>Lactobacillus</i> species as a starter culture in the preparation of kocho, fermented food from enset.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Weldemichael Weldeselassie H, Admassu Emire S, Alemu M<br><font color=gray><i>Food science and biotechnology, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br><br><br><table cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center><tr valign=bottom><td align=center><img src=p.png border=0></td><td align=center><img src=o_red.png border=0></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Ensete+Horaninow%2C+1862&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Ensete+Horaninow%2C+1862&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Ensete+Horaninow%2C+1862&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Ensete+Horaninow%2C+1862&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Ensete+Horaninow%2C+1862&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Ensete+Horaninow%2C+1862&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=7><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Ensete+Horaninow%2C+1862&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=rtal.png border=0></a></td></tr><td align=center></td><td align=center>1</td><td align=center><a 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