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Latest Articles on Diapsida from uBioRSS


Sauria
Simon Rerucha - BioLib

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Common Names: Diapside Reptilien, Diapsidi, 双弓類, Diapsides, Diapsid, Dyapsida, diapsids



1.  Feeding behaviour and functional morphology of the neck in the long-snouted aquatic fossil reptile Champsosaurus (Reptilia: Diapsida) in comparison with the modern crocodilian Gavialis gangeticus.LinkIT
Matsumoto R, Fujiwara SI, Evans SE
Journal of anatomyJ AnatFeeding behaviour and functional morphology of the neck in the long-snouted aquatic fossil reptile Champsosaurus (Reptilia: Diapsida) in comparison with the modern crocodilian Gavialis gangeticus.10.1111/joa.13600The extinct freshwater choristoderan reptiles Champsosaurus and Simoedosaurus are characterised by large body size and an elongated snout. They have often been considered as eco-analogues of crocodilians based on superficial similarities. The slender-snouted Champsosaurus has been described as a 'gavial-like reptile', which implies it feeds underwater with a lateral swipe of the head and neck, as in the living slender-snouted crocodilians such as Gavialis gangeticus. In contrast, the short-snouted Simoedosaurus is often compared with short-snouted living crocodilians and is considered to take single prey items. However, the neck mobility and flexibility needed for feeding movements are poorly understood even in extant crocodilians. This study explores the relationship between cervical morphology and neck flexion, focusing particularly on lateral and dorsal movements in G. gangeticus by comparison with shorter-snouted crocodilians. The paper also describes a method to estimate the maximum angle of neck dorsiflexion in choristoderes based on the cervical morphology of extant crocodilian species. Three indices were used in this study, of which Index 3 is newly proposed, to compare cervical morphology and intervertebral joint flexibility: (1) Enclosed zygapophyseal angles (EZA) as an index of dorsoventral/ bilateral flexibility, (2) moment arm (M) of dorsiflexor muscles as an Index of resistance against ventroflexion and (3) the orientations of zygapophysial facets for a maximum angle of dorsiflexion. These Indices were validated using µCT scanning of fresh specimens of G. gangeticus and Caiman latirostris in lateral and dorsal flexion. A unique mechanism of lateral flexion was identified in G. gangeticus that uses a combination of the following features: (1) lateral flexion mainly restricted to the anterior cervical vertebrae (v2/v3: high EZA, with more horizontal zygapophyses) and (2) high degree of dorsiflexion at the v3/v4 and v4/v5 joints with potential for dorsal flexibility through the middle-posterior neck, which is used in inertial feeding. In contrast, Champsosaurus and Simoedosaurus possess relatively short cervical vertebrae, as in short-snouted crocodilians. The middle-posterior cervical vertebrae of Champsosaurus are specialised for lateral flexion (high EZA), and there is only limited capacity for dorsiflexion throughout the neck. Like G. gangeticus, therefore, Champsosaurus may have used its slender snout to grab fish from shoals using lateral sweeping motions of the head and neck, but the movement is through the neck, not the craniocervical joint. However, inertial feeding is less likely to have occurred in this genus, and the aligned palatal dentition may have aided the lingual transport of prey into the mouth. Simoedosaurus, on the other hand, appears to have been less specialised, with a neck that combined lateral and dorsolateral flexion, a move that could have been effective in catching both terrestrial and aquatic prey. Where these two choristoderan genera occurred in the same place, they may have divided their niche by prey types.© 2021 Anatomical Society.MatsumotoRyokoRhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0334-7259Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural History, Odawara, Kanagawa, Japan.FujiwaraShin-IchiSIhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-9393-5734The Nagoya University Museum, Nagoya, Japan.EvansSusan ESEhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-0799-4154Centre for Integrative Anatomy, Department of Cell and Developmental Biology, UCL, University College London, London, UK.engEstes Memorial Grant of the Society of Vertebrate PaleontologySasakawa Scientific Research Grant from the Japan SocietyJapan Society for the Promotion of Science ScholarshipFujiwara Natural History Foundation17K05698Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Scholarship (JSPS) KAKENHIJournal Article20211205EnglandJ Anat01371620021-8782IMCrocodyliacervical vertebraefeeding behaviourneochoristoderaplatyrostral20211117202012022021111820211252151202112660202112660aheadofprint3486522310.1111/joa.13600REFERENCES, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>2.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>An injured pachypleurosaur (<b>Diapsida</b>: Sauropterygia) from the Middle Triassic Luoping Biota indicating predation pressure in the Mesozoic.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Liu Q, Yang T, Cheng L, Benton MJ, Moon BC, Yan C, An Z, Tian L<br><font color=gray><i>Scientific reports, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>3.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Osteology, relationships and functional morphology of <i>Weigeltisaurus jaekeli</i> (<b>Diapsida</b>, Weigeltisauridae) based on a complete skeleton from the Upper Permian Kupferschiefer of Germany.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Pritchard AC, Sues HD, Scott D, Reisz RR<br><font color=gray><i>PeerJ, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>4.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>A new phylogenetic hypothesis of Tanystropheidae (<b>Diapsida</b>, Archosauromorpha) and other "protorosaurs", and its implications for the early evolution of stem archosaurs.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Spiekman SNF, Fraser NC, Scheyer TM<br><font color=gray><i>PeerJ, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>5.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>The internal cranial anatomy of Champsosaurus (Choristodera: Champsosauridae): Implications for neurosensory function.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Dudgeon TW, Maddin HC, Evans DC, Mallon JC<br><font color=gray><i>Scientific reports, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>6.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title><i>Colobops</i>: a juvenile rhynchocephalian reptile (Lepidosauromorpha), not a diminutive archosauromorph with an unusually strong bite.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Scheyer TM, Spiekman SNF, Sues HD, Ezcurra MD, Butler RJ, Jones MEH<br><font color=gray><i>Royal Society open science, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>7.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>The phylogeny of early amniotes and the affinities of Parareptilia and Varanopidae.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Ford DP, Benson RBJ<br><font color=gray><i>Nature ecology & evolution, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>8.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title><i>Seazzadactylus venieri</i> gen. et sp. nov., a new pterosaur (<b>Diapsida</b>: Pterosauria) from the Upper Triassic (Norian) of northeastern Italy.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Dalla Vecchia FM<br><font color=gray><i>PeerJ, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>9.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>A Triassic stem turtle with an edentulous beak.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Li C, Fraser NC, Rieppel O, Wu XC<br><font color=gray><i>Nature, 2018</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>10.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>The rise of the ruling reptiles and ecosystem recovery from the Permo-Triassic mass extinction.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Ezcurra MD, Butler RJ<br><font color=gray><i>Proceedings. Biological sciences, 2018</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br><br><br><table cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center><tr valign=bottom><td align=center><img src=p.png border=0></td><td align=center><img src=o_red.png border=0></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Diapsida&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Diapsida&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Diapsida&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Diapsida&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Diapsida&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Diapsida&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=rtal.png border=0></a></td></tr><td align=center></td><td align=center>1</td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Diapsida&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2>2</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Diapsida&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3>3</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Diapsida&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4>4</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Diapsida&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5>5</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Diapsida&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=6>6</a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Diapsida&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2>»</a></td></tr></table></table></tr></table></td><script src="http://www.google-analytics.com/urchin.js" type="text/javascript"> </script> <script type="text/javascript"> _uacct = "UA-634822-1"; urchinTracker(); </script> </BODY> </HTML>