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1.  Probing the effects of hexavalent chromium exposure on histology and fatty acid metabolism in liver of Bufo gargarizans tadpoles.LinkIT
Yang Y, Wang W, Liu X, Song X, Chai L
Chemosphere, 2020
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

2.  Changes in the community structure of the symbiotic microbes of wild amphibians from the eastern edge of the Tibetan Plateau.LinkIT
Xu LL, Chen H, Zhang M, Zhu W, Chang Q, Lu G, Chen Y, Jiang J, Zhu L
MicrobiologyOpen Microbiologyopen Changes in the community structure of the symbiotic microbes of wild amphibians from the eastern edge of the Tibetan Plateau. e1004 10.1002/mbo3.1004 Environment has a potential effect on the animal symbiotic microbiome. Here, to study the potential relationship of the symbiotic microbiomes of wild amphibians with altitude, we collected the gut and skin samples from frogs (nine species) and the environmental samples (water and soil samples) from the Leshan Mountains (altitude: 360-410 m) and Gongga Mountains (altitude: 3340-3989 m) on the eastern edge of the Tibetan Plateau. Bufo gargarizans (Bg) samples were collected from both the Leshan and Gongga mountain regions (Bg was the only species sampled on both mountains). The DNA extracted from each sample was performed high-throughput sequencing (MiSeq) of bacterial 16S rRNA gene amplicons. High relative abundance of Caulobacteraceae and Sphingomonadaceae was found in skin samples from both Bg and the other high-altitude amphibians (nine species combined). High relative abundance of Coxiellaceae and Mycoplasmataceae was found in gut samples from both Bg and the other high-altitude amphibians. Furthermore, the alpha and beta diversities of skin and gut samples from Bg and the other amphibian species (nine species combined) were similar. In terms of the symbiotic microbial community, the low-altitude samples were less diverse and more similar to each other than the high-altitude samples were. We speculated that extreme high-altitude environments and host phylogeny may affect the amphibian microbiome. Despite the distinct microbial community differences between the skin and gut microbiomes, some functions were similar in the Bg and combined high-altitude samples. The Bg and high-altitude skin samples had higher oxidative stress tolerance and biofilm formation than the low-altitude skin samples. However, the opposite results were observed for the Bg and high-altitude gut samples. Further study is required to determine whether these characteristics favor high-altitude amphibian adaptation to extreme environments. © 2020 The Authors. MicrobiologyOpen published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Xu Liang Liang LL Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, China. College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, China. Chen Hua H Shanghai Biozeron Bioinformatics Center, Shanghai, China. Zhang Mengjie M Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, China. College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, China. Zhu Wei W Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, China. Chang Qing Q College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, China. Lu Guoqing G Department of Biology, University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, NE, USA. Chen Youhua Y Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, China. Jiang Jianping J Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, China. Zhu Lifeng L https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0589-4256 College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, China. eng 2017YFC0505202 National Key Programme of Research and Development, the Ministry of Science and Technology XDA19050201 The Strategic Priority Research Program Y8C3041100 the Hundred Talents Program Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions 19PTDJ0055 Science and Technology Innovation Base (platform) and Talent Journal Article 2020 02 11 England Microbiologyopen 101588314 2045-8827 IM Bufo gargarizans altitude amphibians environmental adaptation gut microbes skin microbes 2019 08 31 2019 10 31 2020 01 15 2020 2 12 6 0 2020 2 12 6 0 2020 2 12 6 0 aheadofprint 32045512 10.1002/mbo3.1004 REFERENCES, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>3.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Global Metabolomic and Lipidomic Analysis Reveal the Synergistic Effect of Bufalin in Combination with Cinobufagin against HepG2 Cells.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Zhang J, Hong Y, Jiang L, Yi X, Chen Y, Liu L, Chen Z, Wu Y, Cai Z<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of proteome research, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>4.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Effects of two little-studied environmental pollutants on early development in anurans.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Bókony V, Verebélyi V, Ujhegyi N, Mikó Z, Nemesházi E, Szederkényi M, Orf S, Vitányi E, Móricz ÁM<br><font color=gray><i>Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>5.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Comparison of the characteristics of intestinal microbiota response in Bufo gargarizans tadpoles: Exposure to the different environmental chemicals (Cu, Cr, Cd and NO<sub>3</sub>-N).</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Zheng R, Chen X, Ren C, Teng Y, Shen Y, Wu M, Wang H, Huang M<br><font color=gray><i>Chemosphere, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>6.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Ocular Hypotonia and Transient Decrease of Vision as a Consequence of Exposure to a Common Toad Poison.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Pejic R, Simic Prskalo M, Simic J<br><font color=gray><i>Case reports in ophthalmological medicine, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>7.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Urbanization and translocation disrupt the relationship between host density and parasite abundance.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>DeVore JL, Shine R, Ducatez S<br><font color=gray><i>The Journal of animal ecology J Anim Ecol Urbanization and translocation disrupt the relationship between host density and parasite abundance. 10.1111/1365-2656.13175 The species interactions that structure natural communities are increasingly disrupted by radical habitat change resulting from the widespread processes of urbanization and species translocations. Although many species are disadvantaged by these changes, others thrive in these new environments, achieving densities that exceed those in natural habitats. Often the same species that benefit from urbanization are successful invaders in introduced habitats, suggesting that similar processes promote these species in both environments. Both processes may especially benefit certain species by modifying their interactions with harmful parasites ('enemy release'). To detect such modifications, we first need to identify the mechanisms underlying host-parasite associations in natural populations, then test whether they are disrupted in cities and introduced habitats. We studied the interaction between the cane toad Rhinella marina, a globally invasive species native to South America, and its Amblyomma ticks. Our field study of 642 cane toads across 46 sites within their native range in French Guiana revealed that 56% of toads carried ticks, and that toads with ticks were in poor body condition relative to uninfected conspecifics. Across natural and disturbed habitats tick prevalence and abundance increased with toad density, but this association was disrupted in the urban environment, where tick abundance remained low even where toad densities were high, and prevalence decreased with density. Reductions in the abundance of ticks in urban habitats may be attributable to pesticides (which are sprayed for mosquito control but are also lethal to ticks), and our literature review shows that tick abundance is generally lower in cane toads from urban habitats across South America. In the invasive range, ticks were either absent (in 1,960 toads from Puerto Rico, Hawai'i, Japan and Australia) or less abundant (in Florida and the Caribbean; literature review). The positive relationship between host density and parasite abundance is thought to be a key mechanism through which parasites regulate host populations; anthropogenic processes that disrupt this relationship may allow populations in urban and introduced habitats to persist at densities that would otherwise lead to severe impacts from parasites. © 2020 British Ecological Society. DeVore Jayna L JL https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6697-9165 School of Life and Environmental Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia. Shine Richard R https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7529-5657 School of Life and Environmental Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia. Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW, Australia. Ducatez Simon S https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2865-4674 School of Life and Environmental Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia. CREAF (Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications), Cerdanyola del Vallès, Catalonia, Spain. eng FL120100074 Australian Research Council Journal Article 2020 01 16 England J Anim Ecol 0376574 0021-8790 IM Amblyomma dissimile Amblyomma rotundatum Bufo marinus density dependence enemy release host-parasite interactions invasive species urbanization 2019 07 05 2019 11 19 2020 1 17 6 0 2020 1 17 6 0 2020 1 17 6 0 aheadofprint 31945186 10.1111/1365-2656.13175 REFERENCES, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>8.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>OPHTHALMIC EXAMINATION FINDINGS AND INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS IN SIX SPECIES OF ANURA.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Hausmann JC, Weaver TJ, Freeman KS<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of zoo and wildlife medicine : official publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>9.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Artificial light at night alters the sexual behaviour and fertilisation success of the common toad.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Touzot M, Lengagne T, Secondi J, Desouhant E, Théry M, Dumet A, Duchamp C, Mondy N<br><font color=gray><i>Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>10.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Quantitative analysis of fourteen bufadienolides in Venenum Bufonis crude drug and its Chinese patent medicines by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Wei WL, An YL, Zhang YZ, Li ZW, Zhou Y, Lei M, Zhang JQ, Qu H, Da J, Wu WY, Guo DA<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of ethnopharmacology, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br><br><br><table cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center><tr valign=bottom><td align=center><img src=p.png border=0></td><td align=center><img src=o_red.png border=0></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Bufo+dombensis+Bocage%2C+1895&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Bufo+dombensis+Bocage%2C+1895&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Bufo+dombensis+Bocage%2C+1895&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a 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