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Synonyms:
   Atractaspis (stiletto snakes) 
   Atractaspis bibronii (Southern Or Bibron's Burrowing Asp, Mole Viper) 
   Atractaspis coarti 

Broader Terms:
   Atractaspididae (African burrowing asps) 
   Atractaspis (Mole Viper) 
   Elapidae (Cobras) 

More Specific:
   Atractaspis andersonii 
   Atractaspis aterrima (Mole Viper, Slender Burrowing Asp) 
   Atractaspis battersbyi (Battersby's Mole Viper) 
   Atractaspis bibroni 
   Atractaspis bibronii (Bibron's Mole Viper) 
   Atractaspis bipostocularis 
   Atractaspis boulengeri (Mole Viper) 
   Atractaspis caudalis 
   Atractaspis coalescens (Perret's Mole Viper) 
   Atractaspis congica (Eastern Congo Burrowing Asp) 
   Atractaspis conradsi 
   Atractaspis corpulenta (Mole Viper) 
   Atractaspis corpulentus 
   Atractaspis dahomeyensis (Bocage's Mole Viper) 
   Atractaspis duerdeni (Beaked Burrowing Asp) 
   Atractaspis duerdini 
   Atractaspis engaddensis (Mole Viper) 
   Atractaspis engdahli (Engdahl's Mole Viper) 
   Atractaspis fallax (Mole Viper) 
   Atractaspis heterochilus 
   Atractaspis irregularis (Variable Mole Viper) 
   Atractaspis leucomelas (Mole Viper) 
   Atractaspis leucura 
   Atractaspis magrettii 
   Atractaspis matschiensis 
   Atractaspis microlepidota (Small-scaled Mole Viper) 
   Atractaspis micropholis (Mole Viper) 
   Atractaspis phillipsi (Phillipps' Mole Viper) 
   Atractaspis polylepis 
   Atractaspis reticulata (Reticulate Mole Viper) 
   Atractaspis rostrata 
   Atractaspis scorteccii (Mole Viper) 
   Atractaspis watsoni 
   Atractaspis wilsoni 
 
 
Latest Articles on Atractaspis Smith, 1849 from uBioRSS
Are there unequivocal criteria to label a given protein as a toxin? Permiss... - Genome Biology
Assembling the Squamate Tree of Life: Perspectives from the Phenotype and t... - BioOne: Bulletin of the Peabody Museum of Natural ...


External Resources:



1.  Snakebites in Jordan: A clinical and epidemiological study.LinkIT
Abu Baker MA, Al-Saraireh M, Amr Z, Amr SS, Warrell DA
Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology, 2022
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

2.  Necrosis and amputation following the bite of the Bibron's stiletto snake (Atractaspis bibronii) with a concise review of current literature.LinkIT
Pallett SJ, Handford C, Wong SM, West C, Moore LS
Tropical doctor, 2021
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

3.  The first reported snakebite by an African snake-eater, Polemon spp. (Atractaspididae, Aparallactinae); Local envenoming by Reinhardt's snake-eater, Polemon acanthias (Reinhardt, 1860).LinkIT
Weinstein SA, Warrell DA, Daoues K, Vidal N
Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology, 2021
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

4.  Insights into skull evolution in fossorial snakes, as revealed by the cranial morphology of Atractaspis irregularis (Serpentes: Colubroidea).LinkIT
Strong CRC, Palci A, Caldwell MW
Journal of anatomyJ AnatInsights into skull evolution in fossorial snakes, as revealed by the cranial morphology of Atractaspis irregularis (Serpentes: Colubroidea).146-17210.1111/joa.13295Comparative osteological analyses of extant organisms provide key insight into major evolutionary transitions and phylogenetic hypotheses. This is especially true for snakes, given their unique morphology relative to other squamates and the persistent controversy regarding their evolutionary origins. However, the osteology of several major snake groups remains undescribed, thus hindering efforts to accurately reconstruct the phylogeny of snakes. One such group is the Atractaspididae, a family of fossorial colubroids. We herein present the first detailed description of the atractaspidid skull, based on fully segmented micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) scans of Atractaspis irregularis. The skull of Atractaspis presents a highly unique morphology influenced by both fossoriality and paedomorphosis. This paedomorphosis is especially evident in the jaws, palate, and suspensorium, the major elements associated with macrostomy (large-gaped feeding in snakes). Comparison to scolecophidians-a group of blind, fossorial, miniaturized snakes-in turn sheds light on current hypotheses of snake phylogeny. Features of both the naso-frontal joint and the morphofunctional system related to macrostomy refute the traditional notion that scolecophidians are fundamentally different from alethinophidians (all other extant snakes). Instead, these features support the controversial hypothesis of scolecophidians as "regressed alethinophidians," in contrast to their traditional placement as the earliest-diverging snake lineage. We propose that Atractaspis and scolecophidians fall along a morphological continuum, characterized by differing degrees of paedomorphosis. Altogether, a combination of heterochrony and miniaturization provides a mechanism for the derivation of the scolecophidian skull from an ancestral fossorial alethinophidian morphotype, exemplified by the nonminiaturized and less extreme paedomorph Atractaspis.© 2020 Anatomical Society.StrongCatherine R CCRC0000-0002-6080-9245Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.PalciAlessandroAEarth Sciences Section, South Australian Museum, Adelaide, SA, Australia.College of Science and Engineering, Flinders University, Bedford Park, SA, Australia.CaldwellMichael WMWDepartment of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.engJournal ArticleResearch Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tResearch Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.20200820EnglandJ Anat01371620021-8782IMAnimalsBiological EvolutionFossilsJawanatomy & histologydiagnostic imagingPhylogenySkullanatomy & histologydiagnostic imagingSnakesanatomy & histologyX-Ray Microtomographyevolutionary developmentfossorialityheterochronymicro-CTminiaturizationpaedomorphosisskull anatomysnake evolution20200617202007202020072120230101202082160202171660202082160ppublish3281517210.1111/joa.13295PMC7755084REFERENCES, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>5.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Mechanics of snake biting: Experiments and modelling.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Kundanati L, Guarino R, Menegon M, Pugno NM<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>6.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Ketamine for pain control of snake envenomation in Guinea: A case series.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Brandehoff N, Benjamin JM, Balde C, Chippaux JP<br><font color=gray><i>Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>7.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Terrestrial venomous snakes and snakebites in the Arab countries of the Middle East.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Amr ZS, Abu Baker MA, Warrell DA<br><font color=gray><i>Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>8.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Evolutionary history of burrowing asps (Lamprophiidae: Atractaspidinae) with emphasis on fang evolution and prey selection.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Portillo F, Stanley EL, Branch WR, Conradie W, Rödel MO, Penner J, Barej MF, Kusamba C, Muninga WM, Aristote MM, Bauer AM, Trape JF, Nagy ZT, Carlino P, Pauwels OSG, Menegon M, Ineich I, Burger M, Zassi-Boulou AG, Mazuch T, Jackson K, Hughes DF, Behangana M, Greenbaum E<br><font color=gray><i>PloS one, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>9.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Role of heme modulation in inhibition of Atheris, Atractaspis, Causus, Cerastes, Echis, and Macrovipera hemotoxic venom activity.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Nielsen VG, Frank N<br><font color=gray><i>Human & experimental toxicology, 2019</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>10.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Envenomation by Atractaspis irregularis (variable burrowing asp), a case report.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Burmeister BR, Schabold JA, Zosel AE<br><font color=gray><i>Clinical toxicology (Philadelphia, Pa.), 2018</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br><br><br><table cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center><tr valign=bottom><td align=center><img src=p.png border=0></td><td align=center><img src=o_red.png border=0></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Atractaspis+Smith%2C+1849&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=2><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Atractaspis+Smith%2C+1849&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=3><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Atractaspis+Smith%2C+1849&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=4><img src=o_yellow.png border=0></a></td><td align=center><a href=http://ubio.org/portal/index.php?search=Atractaspis+Smith%2C+1849&category=l&client=pubmed&startPage=5><img 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