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Synonyms:
   Aphis craccivora (cowpea aphid) 

Broader Terms:
   Aphis 
   Homoptera (aphids) 
 
 
Latest Articles on Aphis craccivora Koch, 1854 from uBioRSS
Parasitoids as a bioagent to eliminate the insecticides to control the main... - Latest Issue of Archives of Phytopathology and Pla...
Worldwide Populations of the Aphid Aphis craccivora Are Infected with Diver... - PubMed: nov sp species


Aphis craccivora
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External Resources:

Common Names: cowpea aphid, black bean aphid, puceron de la gourgane



1.  Design, Synthesis, and Synergistic Activity of Eight-Membered Oxabridge Neonicotinoid Analogues.LinkIT
Zhang X, Wang Y, Xu Z, Shao X, Liu Z, Xu X, Maienfisch P, Li Z
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 2021
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

2.  Alfalfa leaf curl virus is efficiently acquired by its aphid vector Aphis craccivora but inefficiently transmitted.LinkIT
Ryckebusch F, Peterschmitt M, Granier M, Sauvion N
The Journal of general virology, 2021
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0

3.  Insecticidal activity of the extract, fractions, and pure steroidal saponins of Trillium govanianum Wall. ex D. Don for the control of diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella L.) and aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch).LinkIT
Dolma SK, Suresh PS, Singh PP, Sharma U, Reddy SGE
Pest management science Pest Manag Sci Insecticidal activity of the extract, fractions, and pure steroidal saponins of Trillium govanianum Wall. ex D. Don for the control of diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella L.) and aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch). 956-962 10.1002/ps.6107 Plutella xylostella L. is the major pest of crucifers globally, causing significant yield loss. Aphis craccivora Koch is the main sucking pest of legumes that transmit viral diseases, leading to economic yield reduction. To minimize loss due to pests, farmers/growers use synthetic insecticides frequently for their control, which led to insecticide resistance, detrimental to natural enemies of pest, environment, etc. Therefore, in this study, the insecticidal activity of plant extract, fractions, and pure steroidal saponins from Trillium govanianum was evaluated for their bio-efficacy against targeted pests. Parent extract was found more effective (LC50 = 1541.2 mg?L-1 ) against larvae of P. xylostella after 96?h than n-butanol, n-hexane, and ethyl acetate fractions (LC50 = 3030, 3578 and 3878.1 mg?L-1 , respectively). For A. craccivora, ethyl acetate fraction (LC50 = 2186.3 mg?L-1 ) was most effective after 96?h than n-hexane fraction (LC50 = 2234.6 mg?L-1 ), n-butanol fraction (LC50 = 2696.3 mg?L-1 ) and parent extract (LC50 = 3709.1 mg?L-1 ). Among pure molecules, govanoside B was found more effective (76% mortality, LC50 = 3279.5 mg?L-1 ) followed by borassoside E (74%, LC50 = 3467.1 mg?L-1 ) against A. craccivora after 96?h. Parent extract/fractions of T. govanianum showed promising efficacy against larvae of P. xylostella and A. craccivora. Further, field study is required for its bio-efficacy against targeted pests for validation and formulation development. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry. Dolma Shudh K SK Entomology Laboratory, Agrotechnology Division, CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, India. Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, CSIR-HRDC Campus, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. Suresh Patil S PS Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, CSIR-HRDC Campus, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. Chemical Technology Division, CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, India. Singh Prithvi P PP Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, CSIR-HRDC Campus, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. Chemical Technology Division, CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, India. Sharma Upendra U https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7693-8690 Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, CSIR-HRDC Campus, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. Chemical Technology Division, CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, India. Reddy Sajjalavarahalli G E SGE https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0166-017X Entomology Laboratory, Agrotechnology Division, CSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, India. Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research, CSIR-HRDC Campus, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. eng CSIR Phytopharma Mission Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, India Journal Article 2020 10 13 England Pest Manag Sci 100898744 1526-498X 0 Insecticides 0 Plant Extracts 0 Saponins IM Animals Aphids Insecticides pharmacology Larva Moths Plant Extracts pharmacology Saponins pharmacology Trillium Aphis craccivora Plutella xylostella Trillium govanianum efficacy plant extracts/fractions steroidal saponins 2020 07 09 2020 09 18 2020 09 28 2020 9 29 6 0 2021 1 15 6 0 2020 9 28 8 48 ppublish 32985778 10.1002/ps.6107 REFERENCES, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>4.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Function Analysis of P450 and GST Genes to Imidacloprid in <i>Aphis craccivora</i> (Koch).</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Yang YX, Lin RH, Li Z, Wang AY, Xue C, Duan AL, Zhao M, Zhang JH<br><font color=gray><i>Frontiers in physiology, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>5.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Identification of Lathyrus sativus plant volatiles causing behavioral preference of Aphis craccivora.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Mitra P, Das S, Debnath R, Mobarak SH, Barik A<br><font color=gray><i>Pest management science Pest Manag Sci Identification of Lathyrus sativus plant volatiles causing behavioral preference of Aphis craccivora. 285-299 10.1002/ps.6018 The viviparous aphid Aphis craccivora Koch (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is a serious threat to the crop yield of Lathyrus sativus L. (Fabaceae), commonly known as grass pea. The synthetic insecticides applied to control this insect pest are not safe for the environment. Hence, it is necessary to find volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from two cultivars [BIO L 212 Ratan (BIO) and Nirmal B-1 (NIR)] of L. sativus plants causing behavioral preference of A. craccivora. The VOCs from undamaged (UD), insect-damaged (ID) [plants on which 50 or 100 adults of A. craccivora were fed for 4?h (ID 50 or ID 100)], and mechanically damaged (MD) plants were identified and quantified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-flame ionization detection analyses, respectively. Total VOCs were higher in ID plants compared to UD plants of each cultivar. However, total VOCs were higher in NIR cultivar compared to BIO cultivar for both UD and ID plants. Benzyl alcohol was predominant in volatile extracts of all treatments. In Y-tube olfactometer bioassays, females showed preference towards volatile extracts of UD, ID, and MD plants of each cultivar compared to the control solvent (CH2 Cl2 ). Insects preferred certain synthetic blends comparable to volatile extracts of UD, ID, and MD plants of each L. sativus cultivar against the control solvent. Females preferred a synthetic blend of benzyl alcohol, 1,3-diethylbenzene, thymol, and 1-hexadecene at ratios of 142.49: 62.03:1.18:1 dissolved in 25??L of CH2 Cl2 in olfactometer bioassays, which could be used in developing lures to control this insect pest. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry. Mitra Paroma P Ecology Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, The University of Burdwan, Burdwan, India. Das Swati S Ecology Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, The University of Burdwan, Burdwan, India. Debnath Rahul R Ecology Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, The University of Burdwan, Burdwan, India. Mobarak Syed Husne SH Ecology Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, The University of Burdwan, Burdwan, India. Barik Anandamay A https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6164-5000 Ecology Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, The University of Burdwan, Burdwan, India. eng DST-SERB, New Delhi, Govt. of India Journal Article 2020 08 16 England Pest Manag Sci 100898744 1526-498X 0 Volatile Organic Compounds IM Animals Aphids Female Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Lathyrus Volatile Organic Compounds analysis 1,3-diethylbenzene 1-hexadecene Aphididae Aphis craccivora Hemiptera Lathyrus sativus benzyl alcohol olfactometer bioassay plants thymol volatiles 2020 04 16 2020 07 13 2020 07 22 2020 7 23 6 0 2020 12 22 6 0 2020 7 23 6 0 ppublish 32696596 10.1002/ps.6018 REFERENCES, 2021</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>6.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Endosymbionts facilitate rapid evolution in a polyphagous herbivore.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Lenhart PA, White JA<br><font color=gray><i>Journal of evolutionary biology J Evol Biol Endosymbionts facilitate rapid evolution in a polyphagous herbivore. 1507-1511 10.1111/jeb.13697 Maternally transmitted bacterial symbionts can be important mediators of the interactions between insect herbivores and their foodplants. These symbionts are often facultative (present in some host individuals but not others) and can have large effects on their host's phenotype, thus giving rise to heritable variation upon which selection can act. In the cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora), it has been established that the facultative endosymbiont Arsenophonus improves aphid performance on black locust trees (Robinia pseudoacacia) but not on fava (Vicia faba). Here, we tested whether this fitness differential translated into contemporaneous evolution of aphid populations associated with the different plants. In a laboratory study lasting 16 weeks, we found that the frequency of Arsenophonus-infected individuals significantly increased over time for aphid populations on black locust but declined for aphid populations on fava. By the end of the experiment, Arsenophonus infection was >3× more common on black locust than fava, which is comparable to previously described infection frequencies in natural field populations. Our results clearly demonstrate that aphid populations with mixed facultative symbiont infection status can rapidly evolve in response to the selective environments imposed by different host plants. This selection differential may be a sufficient explanation for the global association between Arsenophonus-infected cowpea aphids and black locust trees, without invoking additional assortative mechanisms. Because the aphid and plant originate from different parts of the world, we further hypothesize that Arsenophonus infection may have acted as a preadaptation that has promoted functional specialization of infected aphids on a novel host plant. © 2020 European Society For Evolutionary Biology. Journal of Evolutionary Biology © 2020 European Society For Evolutionary Biology. Lenhart Paul A PA Department of Entomology, S-225 Agricultural Science Center N, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA. White Jennifer A JA 0000-0003-1276-561X Department of Entomology, S-225 Agricultural Science Center N, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA. eng Journal Article Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S. 2020 09 30 Switzerland J Evol Biol 8809954 1010-061X IM Arsenophonus aphid eco-evolutionary dynamics facultative endosymbiont host plant specialization insect herbivore selection experiment symbiosis 2020 04 29 2020 06 23 2020 08 27 2020 9 8 6 0 2020 9 8 6 0 2020 9 7 17 5 ppublish 32894786 10.1111/jeb.13697 REFERENCES, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>7.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Geographical distribution, genetic studies and vector transmission of alfalfa enamovirus-1 infecting alfalfa crop in Argentina.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Trucco V, Cabrera Mederos D, Lenardon S, Giolitti F<br><font color=gray><i>Virus genes, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>8.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Identification and Characterization of Neuropeptides and Their G Protein-Coupled Receptors (GPCRs) in the Cowpea Aphid <i>Aphis craccivora</i>.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Li X, Du L, Jiang XJ, Ju Q, Qu CJ, Qu MJ, Liu TX<br><font color=gray><i>Frontiers in endocrinology, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>9.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Transcriptome sequencing of Coccinella septempunctata adults (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) feeding on artificial diet and Aphis craccivora.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Cheng Y, Zhi J, Li F, Wang H, Zhou Y, Jin J<br><font color=gray><i>PloS one, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br>10.  <a href=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0 class=title>Evaluation of Five Medicinal Plant Extracts on <i>Aphis craccivora</i> (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and Its Predator, <i>Chrysoperla carnea</i> (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) under Laboratory Conditions.</a><a href=http://ubio.org/tools/linkit.php?map%5B%5D=all&link_type=2&url=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0><img src=linkit.png border=0 title='LinkIT' alt='LinkIT'></a> <br><span class=j>Sayed SM, Alotaibi SS, Gaber N, Elarrnaouty SA<br><font color=gray><i>Insects, 2020</i></font><br><font color=#008000>http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=0<br></font></span><br><br><br><table cellspacing=0 cellpadding=0 align=center><tr valign=bottom><td align=center><img src=p.png border=0></td><td align=center><img src=o_red.png border=0></td><td align=center><a 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